(39e) Improving Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Water with Experimental Data
AIChE Annual Meeting
Sunday, October 29, 2017 - 4:30pm to 4:45pm
Accounting for electrons and nuclei simultaneously is a powerful capability of ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD). However, AIMD is often unable to accurately reproduce properties of systems such as water due to inaccuracies in the underlying electronic density functionals. This shortcoming is often addressed by added empirical corrections and/or increasing the simulation temperature. We present here a maximum-entropy approach to directly incorporate limited experimental data via a minimal bias. Biased AIMD simulations of water and an excess proton in water are shown to give significantly improved properties both for observables which were biased to match experimental data and for unbiased observables. This approach also yields new physical insight into inaccuracies in the underlying density functional theory as utilized in the unbiased AIMD. The method is general and can be applied to simulations of other liquids with DFT. This talk will specificilly explore recent advances in maximum-entropy biasing of water density, a significant weakness of DFT water at 300K.