(361f) Surface-Initiated Polymerization of Ionic Liquids | AIChE

(361f) Surface-Initiated Polymerization of Ionic Liquids


Njoroge, I. G. - Presenter, Vanderbilt University
Jennings, G. K., Vanderbilt University
Matson, M. W., Vanderbilt University
Ionic liquids (ILs) are organic salts that are liquid at or near room temperature (i.e. below 100°C). Ionic liquids possess unique materials and solvent properties that have led to their use in multiple applications, including as solvents, electrolytes, catalysts and polymer plasticizers. Poly(ionic liquids) (PILs) refer to a special type of polyelectrolyte which carry an IL species in each of the polymer repeating units. PILs offer advantages over ILs in enhanced mechanical stability, improved processability, durability and spatial control over the IL moieties. The ability to grow surface-tethered polymer films with IL functionality as side chains can enable coatings with versatile and tailorable properties. We report the surface-initiated ring-opening metathesis polymerization (SI-ROMP) of ionic liquids to grow poly(ionic liquid) films on gold and silicon substrates. The kinetics of film growth are rapid, with thicknesses approaching 200nm within 15 min of polymerization in a 0.1 M monomer solution and substantial film growth observed at monomer concentrations as low as 0.05 M. The ionic liquid monomer consists of the cations 1-norbornylmethylene-3-dimethylimidazolium (N1-dMIm+) or 1-norbornylpropyl-3-dimethylimidazolium (N3-dMIm+) with various anions that can be easily interchanged to tune the film properties. The dimethylimidazolium monomer was much more reactive toward SI-ROMP than the methylimidazolium analogue due to the acidic proton at C­­2 of the methylimidazolium ring that can be removed to form a carbene complex with Grubbâ??s catalyst rendering the catalyst inactive for SI-ROMP. Polarization modulation-infrared reflectance-absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) was used to quantify the extent of anion exchange in the films. Ellipsometry and profilometry measurements were utilized to quantify the thicknesses of the films. The dependence of ion transfer through the film on the ionic liquid anion was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry.