(50a) Biomaterials Control Cellular Behavior through Materials Engineering

Authors: 
Khademhosseini, A. - Presenter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Biomaterials Control Cellular Behavior through Materials Engineering


Ali Khademhosseini, Ph.D.

Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA

Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, MIT, Cambridge, MA Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Boston, MA alik@rics.bwh

Dr. Ali Khademhosseini, 65 Landsdowne Street, PRB 252, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States


Keywords: Biomaterials, Hydrogels, Regenerative Engineering, Tissue Engineering, Nanotechnology, Polymer Chemistry, Photocrosslinkable, Bioprinting, Photolithography


Abstract: Engineered materials that integrate advances in polymer chemistry, nanotechnology, and biological sciences have the potential to create powerful medical therapies. Our group aims to engineer tissue regenerative therapies using water-containing polymer networks called hydrogels that can regulate cell behavior. Specifically, we have developed photocrosslinkable hybrid hydrogels that combine natural biomolecules with nanoparticles to regulate the chemical, biological, mechanical and electrical properties of gels. These functional scaffolds induce the differentiation of stem cells to desired cell types and direct the formation of vascularized heart or bone tissues. Since tissue function is highly dependent on architecture, we have also used microfabrication methods, such as microfluidics, photolithography, bioprinting, and molding, to regulate the architecture of these materials. We have employed these strategies to generate miniaturized tissues. To create tissue complexity, we have also developed directed assembly techniques to compile small tissue modules into larger constructs. It is anticipated that such approaches will lead to the development of next-generation regenerative therapeutics and biomedical devices.