(64d) Ionic Conductivities of Ionic Liquids and Solutions Containing Ionic Liquids

Authors: 
Brennecke, J. F. - Presenter, University of Notre Dame

Ionic Conductivities of Ionic Liquids and Solutions Containing Ionic Liquids

Chaojun Shi, Liyuan Sun, Samuel Seo and Joan F. Brennecke*

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

University of Notre Dame

Notre Dame, IN 46556

jfb@nd.edu

Ionic liquids have been considered for numerous electrochemical applications, ranging from electrolytes in lithium ion batteries and supercapacitors to media for electroplating.  Their extremely low volatility presents the possibility of safer devices and lower environmental impact than aqueous acid and organic-based electrolyte solutions.  Unfortunately, most ionic liquids have ionic conductivities that are too low for practical applications.  Using a series of imidazolium and phosphonium ionic liquids with aprotic heterocyclic anions, we explore the key features that determine ionic conductivity.  Conductivity, viscosity, density and ion diffusivity (from pulse gradient spin echo NMR spectroscopy) measurements indicate that both bulk viscosity and the association between the anion and the cation (as determined from Walden plots) determine the conductivity.  We show how the cation-anion association that influences conductivity also influences the availability of the anion for reaction (with CO2).