(231e) Prediction of Kinematic Viscosities and Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for Ternary Systems Using Activity Coefficient Model

Authors: 
Tochigi, K., Nihon University
Matsuda, H., Nihon University
Kurihara, K., Nihon University
Funazukuri, T., Chuo University
Rattan, V. K., Panjab University

The kinematic viscosity is one of the important transport properties for discussing a lot of chemical processes. Among the predictive methods of kinematic viscosity, the method with excess Gibbs free energy at activated state based on Eyring’s absolute rate theory will be useful from a practical point of view.

   lnηV=Σln(ηiVi)+G≠,E/RT

or     lnη/ρ=Σln(ηii)-(lnM-ΣlnMi)+G≠,E/RT

where η, ρ, M are the viscosity, density, molecular weight, and  G≠,E is the excess free energy at activated state and is related with the excess free energy  GE as follows [1-3]:

   G≠,E=kGE

where kdepends on the system, temperature and pressure.

The excess free Gibbs energy is calculated by activity coefficients.

   GE/RTxilnγi

This article deals with the correlation of kinematic viscosities and vapor-liquid equilibria for binary systems using NRTL equation. In the model, the binary parameters are NRTL parameters and k. The kinematic viscosities and vapor-liquid equilibria for ternary systems are then predicted using the binary parameters.

References

1) Murata, Tochigi, Yamamoto: Molecular Simulation, 30, 451 (2004)

2) Tochigi, Yoshino, Rattan: Int. J. Thermophysics, 26, 413 (2005)

3) Tochigi, Okamura, Rattan: Pluid Phase Equilibria, 257, 228 (2007)