(774c) Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of CO2 Capture Systems Based On Ionic Liquid and Monoethanolamine Solvents

Authors: 
Farahipour, R., University of Colorado Denver
Karunanithi, A. T., University of Colorado Denver



Carbon capture, storage and utilization (CCUS) is increasingly being viewed as a global climate mitigation option. Central to a viable CCUS system is the development of cost-effective methods for removal of CO2 from flue-gas streams of power plants and other stationary CO2 sources.  In addition to economic viability it is important to consider the life cycle impacts of CCUS methods in order to evaluate the net benefits. Moreover, in addition to climate mitigation we would need to consider other issues such as increased life cycle impacts on human and/or ecosystem health.  Amin-based (e.g., monoethanolamine) absorption systems for CO2 capture is a fairly mature technology. However, they can be very energy intensive and less attractive from an environmental stand point due to emissions of the used volatile solvent components. In recent years, because of their low volatility, ionic liquids show significant promise as a CO2 absorption solvent for post-combustion CO2 capture. In this work, we present process simulation results of post-combustion CO2 capture with monoethanolamine (MEA) and ionic liquid bmim [PF6]. The heat and material balances derived from these simulations are utilized to construct the life cycle inventory for the capture process. In addition data related to other upstream processes such as solvent (MEA and ionic liquid) production and downstream processes such as CO2 compression, transportation, storage and/or utilization is used to perform a life cycle assessment with an aim to compare the environmental impacts of absorption systems based on these two different solvents.