(381d) Computationally Linking Molecular Features of Conjugated Polymers and Fullerene Derivatives to Bulk Heterojunction Morphology
AIChE Annual Meeting
Tuesday, November 5, 2013 - 4:25pm to 4:45pm
The efficiency of bulk heterojunction solar cells depends strongly on the morphology of the electron donors (conjugated polymers) and electron-acceptors (fullerene derivatives) in the active layer. The features of the donor-acceptor morphology (e.g. domain shapes, crystalline vs. amorphous domains, and donor-acceptor interface area) can in principle be tuned by choosing the chemistry and architecture of the conjugated polymer, fullerene functional group, solvents, and processing conditions (e.g. annealing temperature). Here, we present a high-throughput coarse-grained simulation study that links molecular-level design parameters to features in the assembled morphology in neat polymers and donor-acceptor blends. These models reproduce neat polymer morphologies observed in experiments, including lamellae, hexagonally packed cylinders, and acceptor intercalation among donor side chains. Our simulations are the first to show the self-assembly of acceptors intercalated between ordered donor layers. Furthermore, for blends of conjugated polymers and fullerene derivatives this study shows how conjugated polymer architecture and acceptor miscibility can be tailored to obtain new blend morphologies with features that are optimal for higher-efficiency solar cells.