(258c) Turbulent Confined Swirling Flow in a Microscale Multi-Inlet Vortex Reactor Conference: AIChE Annual MeetingYear: 2013Proceeding: 2013 AIChE Annual MeetingGroup: Engineering Sciences and FundamentalsSession: Mixing and Reactive Flows Time: Tuesday, November 5, 2013 - 9:00am-9:15am Authors: Shi, Y., Iowa State University Olsen, M., Iowa State University Fox, R. O., Iowa State University The turbulent confined swirling flow in a microscale multi-inlet vortex reactor (MIVR) is investigated by means of microscopic particle image velocimetry (μ-PIV) as well as computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The multi-inlet vortex is designed in hope of providing fast and homogeneous mixing that is essential in production of nanoparticles via Flash Nanoprecipitation (FNP). Both Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and large-eddy simulations (LES) are carried out to simulate the velocity fields for three different jet Reynolds numbers, i.e., Rej = 53, 93 and 240. The first two Reynolds numbers represent laminar and transition flow regime, whereas the last one is turbulent. For Rej = 240, numerical predictions are validated against μ-PIV measurements. Comparisons show the RANS method with the widely-used standard k–ε turbulence model underpredicted the mean velocities. LES with the Smagorinsky model, on the other hand, compares well with experimental results. Features of the confined swirling flow are examined from the LES by looking at the axial velocities and streamlines. By computing the λ2 values, the vortex cores are extracted. A great amount of vortices are observed at the contraction where the fluid exits the mixing chamber. In addition to the turbulent motions in the mixing chamber, the vortex breakdown in the outlet channel is also key to promoting the mixing performance of the reactor.