(573y) A Simplified Approach to Aspen-Plus© Mass and Energy Balances for Preliminary Process Analysis and Economic Feasibility of Pyrolysis of Switchgrass to Bio-Oil
AIChE Annual Meeting
2008 Annual Meeting
Poster Session: Sustainability and Sustainable Biorefineries
Wednesday, November 19, 2008 - 6:00pm to 8:30pm
Process costing and analysis is best accomplished with rigorous chemical process simulation software such as Aspen-Plus© (Aspen Technology, Cambridge, MA). Processes that convert biomass feedstock to liquid fuels are unfortunately difficult to simulate due to the chemical complexity and lack of data for thermodynamic and other properties of the feedstock and products. To overcome this problem, the pyrolysis of switchgrass to bio-oil was modeled in Aspen-Plus© using a simplified switchgrass composition and simplified set of pyrolysis and gasification reactions that could be adjusted to agree with measured data. (1) Thus modeled, the process was scaled-up and evaluated for feasibility. The simulation is potentially applicable to thermochemical conversion strategies that optimize production of any of the three products, syngas, bio-oil and char from biomass feedstocks.
(1) A. A. Boateng, D. E. Daugaard, N. M. Goldberg and K. B. Hicks. Bench-scale fluidized-bed pyrolysis of switchgrass for bio-oil production. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 46:1891-1897 (2007).