(132d) Data-Driven Approach to Systematic Process Intensification Using Building Block Superstructure
A building block superstructure has been proposed recently to overcome the aforementioned challenge . Unlike the conventional superstructure approach, the building block superstructure does not require a priori postulation of process alternatives. Instead, each building block is used to represent a fundamental constituent of a unit operation, which can then be combined together to represent physicochemical phenomena. These building blocks can be positioned on a two-dimensional grid, and the optimal intensified flowsheet can be automatically generated by solving a mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model . However, as these building blocks are represented using a set of algebraic equations describing complex thermodynamic and material and energy transfer, it contains several non-convex equations, which increases the complexity of the final optimization model. Therefore, locating an optimal solution still remains a challenge .
In this work, we propose the use of data-driven approach for the design of a building block superstructure. Specifically, instead of relying on a complicated set of algebraic equations describing physical phenomena, we construct accurate and tractable machine learning-based process models to reduce the complexity of the building block superstructure model . In particular, we use an iterative machine learning-based modeling and optimization algorithm, which involves: 1) constructing an efficient design of experiments, 2) constructing machine learning-based process models, and 3) formulating and solving the machine learning-based MINLP problem. A case study on a reactive separation system with non-ideal thermodynamics will be presented, and known process information and constraints will be considered during the design stage to identify a realistic intensified design.
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