(11d) Process Intensification of CO2 Capture By Low-Aqueous Solvent | AIChE

(11d) Process Intensification of CO2 Capture By Low-Aqueous Solvent


Jang, G. G. - Presenter, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Thompson, J., Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Sun, X., Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Tsouris, C., Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Low-energy solvent-based CO2 absorption processes have drawn attention as a next-generation post-combustion CO2 capture technology to reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuel– or biomass-fired power generation and industrial emissions streams. A low-aqueous (or water-lean) solvent process may substantially reduce the thermal energy consumption for solvent regeneration. Low-aqueous solvent–based processes are thermally sensitive, requiring thermal management of the solvent because of the fast, exothermic amine-CO2 reaction and low-heat-capacity organic diluent. These affects may result in heat accumulation in a packed absorption column and undesirable CO2 desorption occurring as the solvent moves through the column, reducing the solvent’s CO2 capture efficiency if its temperature is not controlled. Using a 3D printed intensified packing device in this work, enhanced heat and mass transfer were demonstrated in an amine-CO2 scrubbing process with low-aqueous solvent. The multifunctional intensified device facilitates contact of the reactive solvent and gas phases in a single stage and facilitates heat removal by a cooling fluid flowing through channels in the interior of the corrugated plates of the packing device. These functionalities led to effective thermal management along the column via intrastage cooling and significant improvement in CO2 uptake under a wide range of operating conditions. Intrastage cooling effectively reduced the solvent average temperature along the column by ~10°C and, as a result, the solvent’s capture efficiency improved by up to 25%.