(109e) Keynote Talk - Topological Data Analysis: Concepts, Computation, and Applications in Manufacturing
AIChE Annual Meeting
2021 Annual Meeting
Topical Conference: Next-Gen Manufacturing
Applied Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, and Data Analytics Methods for Next-Gen Manufacturing Efficiency I
Monday, November 8, 2021 - 1:50pm to 2:25pm
A key hypothesis that drives engineering practice is that data has structure. The dominant paradigms for describing such structure are statistics (e.g., moments, correlation functions) and signal processing (e.g., convolutional neural nets, Fourier series). Topological Data Analysis (TDA) is a field of mathematics that analyzes data from a fundamentally different perspective. TDA represents datasets as geometric objects and provides dimensionality reduction techniques that project such objects onto low-dimensional descriptors. The key properties of these descriptors (also known as topological features) are that they provide multiscale information and that they are stable under perturbations (e.g., noise, translation, and rotation). In this talk, we review key mathematical concepts and methods of TDA and present different applications in chemical engineering. Specifically, we discuss how to use TDA techniques to conduct real-time process monitoring, to design chemical sensors, and to quickly screen solvents for biomass processing.