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(628d) Enhanced CH4 Conversion over Pt+Pd/Al2O3 + Mn0.5Fe2.5O4 Spinel Catalyst: Impact of Oxygen Storage Material

Chen, P. W. - Presenter, University of Houston
Harold, M. - Presenter, University of Houston
Karinshak, K., University of Houston
Grabow, L. C., University of Houston
Liu, R. F., CDTi Advanced Materials Inc
For stoichiometric natural gas vehicles (NGV) emission control, a four-way catalyst containing platinum group metal (PGM) and spinel is used to simultaneously convert CH4, CO, NOx and other hydrocarbons. Spinel oxides (AB2O4) have been reported to be excellent oxygen storage materials and can reduce the required PGM loading [1]. A current focus in our group is to investigate the impact of spinel on CH4 conversion. Dynamic oxygen storage capacity (DOSC), temporal analysis of products (TAP) and flow experiments are used to provide mechanistic insight into the contribution of spinel.

Dual-layer [“30/100”: 30 g PGM/ft3 monolith, 100 g spinel (25% on Al2O3)/L monolith], single-layer (30/0, 0/100) monolith catalysts and several powder samples were provided by CDTi for flow experiments and DOSC measurements. The powder mixture of PGM and spinel (PGM#spinel) simulated the dual-layer sample, whereas the metalized spinel sample had close contact between PGM and spinel.

Figure 1 shows the combination of lean/rich feed modulation and spinel addition allowed for improved CH4 conversion [2]. The enhancement is due in part to the high DOSC of PGM#spinel. DOSC comparison on PGM#spinel and metalized spinel suggests PGM proximity to spinel is detrimental, Figure 2. Spinel addition also limits steady-state CH4 conversion above 500ËšC, Figure 1. This is tentatively attributed to differences in reforming activity, which dominates at high CH4 conversion with O2 depletion. TAP experiments are used to resolve the mechanistic intricacies between oxygen storage, oxidation and reforming.

Our study provides fundamental and practical insight into the function of spinel on CH4 conversion, which paves the path for optimizing catalyst formulation and operation of NGV emission control.


  1. S. Golden, Z. Nazarpoor, M. Launois, R-F. Liu, P. Maram, Society of Automotive Engineering. SAE 2016-01-0933 (2016).
  2. S. Kang, K. Karinshak, P.W. Chen, S. Golden, M.P. Harold (in press), Catalysis Today, (2020).