Chemicals & Materials

Technical Entity Trends: A Critical Problem to Solve

May
2016
Technical Entity Trends
Derrick Wu
We treat our phones as necessary extensions of ourselves, and it is now hard to imagine life without what has become like an additional limb. Similarly, we have grown so used to computers, cars, and items requiring batteries that many of us would...

Nano-technology: Fueling the Chemical Industry's Future

November
2003
Special Section
Daniela L. Carrillo, Tim Harper, Paul Holister, Mindy Rittner, Mihail C. Roco, Cristina Roman Vas
Nanotechnology, as a whole, is still an emerging area with the need to make progress in both scientific and technological terms before enormous commercialization of products may occur. Nevertheless, commercial products are out there — more in some...

CEP: Catalyzing Commercialization - A Biodegradable Plastic Made from Waste Methane

February
2014
Catalyzing Commercialization
What if we could make the Great Pacific Garbage Patch just disappear? What if plastics didn’t accumulate in our landfills? What if we could reduce greenhouse gas emissions while replacing up to 30% of the world’s plastics with a biodegradable substitute? Researchers have tried for decades to achieve these goals. One approach being taken is the development of an efficient production process for poly-hydroxyalkanoate (PHA) — a biodegradable polymer similar to the polypropylene used to make yogurt containers.

Nanotechnology: Cause for Concern?

September
2007
News Feature
Kristine Chin
Nanotechnology— it's a small science with big stakes. Some of the unique properties that make nanoscale materials useful may also pose hazards to humans and the environment. Can the EPA find a way to effectively regulate these tiny high-tech...

Using Chromatography to Separate Complex Mixtures

December
2010
Back To Basics
Nathalie Fraud
Purifying high-value mixtures, such as pharmaceuticals, can be an expensive undertaking. Choosing the correct chromatography methods can improve purity and reduce processing time and cost.

Predictive Modeling in Catalysis - From Dream to Reality

June
2009
On The Horizon
Ana G. Maldonado
In silicocatalyst optimization is the ultimate application of computers in catalysis. This article provides an overview of the basic concepts of predictive modeling and describes how this technique can be used in catalyst and reaction design.

Producing Nitrogen via Pressure Swing Adsorption

June
2012
Reactions and Separations
Svetlana Ivanova, Robert Lewis
Pressure swing adsorption (PSA) can be a cost-effective method of onsite nitrogen generation for a wide range of purity and flow requirements.

Material Matters: Disappearing Materials in Aging Plants

April
2016
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
Replacing materials and equipment as they corrode or reach the end of their service life is one of the challenges of managing an aging plant. When a material or part is no longer available because the supplier discontinued the product line, was acquired by another company, or went out of business, it can be difficult to find another source or suitable replacement.

A Novel TPOX-Based "Swiss-Roll" Fuel Reformer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
November 19, 2014
A compact, non-catalytic, thermal partial oxidation (TPOX) based reformer has been developed to provide hydrogen-rich syngas to solid oxide fuel...

Alternate Fuel Synthesis in Supercritical Solvents

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
November 19, 2014
Anant Sarve , Mahesh N. Varma*, Shreeram S. Sonawane. Department of Chemical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur,...

Extracellular PHA Production from Woody Biomass

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
November 18, 2014
PHAs are commonly produced as bacterial carbon and energy storage intracellular. Recovery and purification of PHA are thus costly besides the...

CFD modeling of water-in-crude oil emulsions

Conference Presentation
Southwest Process Technology Conference
October 9, 2014
A CFD model has been developed that fits laminar data of both suspensions and stabilized water-in-oil emulsions using a relative viscosity model...

Dewaxing Challenging Paraffinic Feeds in North America

Conference Presentation
Southwest Process Technology Conference
October 9, 2014
With the more difficult and highly paraffinic feedstocks on the market along with more stringent diesel specifications, the need to provide an...

Processing Shale Oils in FCC: Challenges and Opportunities

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Shale Oils such as Eagle Ford and Bakken are fast becoming a major feed source for US refineries. The rapid introduction of shale oils to the...

The Potential Of Osmotic Membrane Dehumidification

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
November 4, 2013
THE POTENTIAL OF OSMOTIC MEMBRANE DEHUMIDIFICATION Arthur Kesten, Jeffrey McCutcheon, Ariel Girelli and Jack Blechner An osmotic membrane...

Convection Battery - Elimination of Dendrite Failure

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
November 3, 2013
The convection battery pumps liquid electrolyte between the electrode and counter-electrode. It is different from flow batteries in that the same...
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