Petrochemicals

Safety Incidents in Ethylene Plants

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Many similar safety incidents occur in ethylene plants throughout the world. While these should be well known to plant operators, our paper lists...

Advanced Materials for Radiant Coils

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Since radiant coils operate under severe conditions of carburization, oxidation and erosion tube material selection plays an important role. Schmidt...

Cracked Gas Dryer System Debottlenecking Concepts

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Of prime importance in the ethylene plant process is the Cracked Gas (CG) Dehydration System. CG Dryer operation is a key factor to the achievement...

Advanced Catalysts for C2-C4 Selective Hydrogenation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Availability of pure olefin monomers is a key step in the production of polymers. These olefins are mainly produced by steam crackers. KataLeuna...

Deployment of ZeaChem's Sustainable Biorefinery

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Increased emphasis is being placed on renewable, sustainable, domestic forms of energy, including transportation fuels, at national, state and local...

Reliable Retention of Molecular Sieve Beds

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Reliable operation of an Olefin gas/liquid dehydrator requires careful attention to the integrity of the grid supporting the molecular sieve...

Unusual Corrosion Failures of Transfer Line Exchangers

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper describes two case histories of corrosion failures. The first case history describes metal dusting of the tubes and tubesheet from the...

Bio-Refinery for the Production of Ethylene Derivatives

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Downstream products of petroleum have been the main source for feedstocks for most of the petrochemicals produced over the last 90 years. However,...

Advances in Renewable Jet Technology

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Use of aviation fuel currently corresponds to 2-3% of the total fossil fuels used worldwide, or 13% of fossil fuel used in transportation fuel...

Revamp Fired Heater to Maximize Thermal Efficiency

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Fired heaters are in the refining and petroleum industry. In the current scenario, it is important to maximize fired heater efficiency to the maximum...

Cracked Gas Dryer Tutorial (Part 1)

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This tutorial will begin with a brief introduction to molecular sieves followed by a description of the process, covering overall operation of the...

New Type of Cracking Furnace Radiant Coil Design

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper presents the economical benefits for a new radiant coil design which improves the performance of the thermal cracking furnace. The main...

Cracked Gas Dryer Survey

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
An electronic internet survey was distributed to United States and European ethylene producers. The goal of the survey was to document vessel design...

Enterprise Inventory Management in Volatile Markets

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Hydrocarbon and other commodity prices are increasingly volatile due to factors which include speculation, reduced inventory and a lack of spare...

Loop Tuning Basics

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
There are many methods to tune PID controllers. This presentation provides a tutorial on tuning PID process controllers using Internal Model Control...

Cracked Gas Dryer Tutorial (Part 2)

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This tutorial will begin with a brief introduction to molecular sieves followed by a description of the process, covering overall operation of the...

Magnetic Bearings in Turboexpander Applications

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Magnetic bearings in turboexpander have become the standard for the installation in gas processing and ethylene plants; there are areas of the design...

CO2 Footprinting in the Chemical Industry

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
This paper provides a brief global perspective to the GHG issue as it impacts the petrochemical industry and then focuses on the factors of...

Turbomachinery for Mega-Ethylene Plants

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Ethylene producers continue to search for ways to improve capital expenditure versus payback ratio and to reduce installation and maintenance costs...

Process Gas Compressor Fouling & Washing Mitigation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Part A: The ethylene industry has been affected by the economic downturn. Plants have operated at low rates and have fed lighter feeds when possible...

Maintaining MPC Benefits for Years: No Myth

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
MPC software companies and their customers can sustain and increase the benefits from MPC solutions by forming effective maintenance strategies. This...

Progression of GHG Emissions Benchmarking

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The efforts to measure, regulate, and control the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by the refining and petrochemicals industries have been in...

KPI Controls for Major Refinery Units

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Advanced Process Control (APC) solutions are recognized as a process industry best practice and proven investment opportunity in many industries,...

New Technology Enhances Model Predictive Control

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The standard way of testing a process causes the configuration and tuning of the PID control system for the process to be embedded in the model...

Cracked Gas Compressor / Turbine

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The cracked gas compressor (CGC) is still the most critical unit in the entire ethylene production facility. Its energy demand and potential plant...

LNG Safety - II

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG safety in LNG baseload and receiving terminals, LNG ships and other related areas. LNG Vapor Dispersion...

New Technologies in Refining

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
In today’s competitive environment, development and implementation of new refining technology can differentiate one refining company from another...

LNG Safety - I

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG safety in LNG baseload and receiving terminals, LNG ships and other related areas. Please Note : LNG Safety...

Ethylene Plant Operations Paper Session

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This session is part of the (2009) 21st Ethylene Producers Conference, which is the premier annual event where those involved in the industry can...

LNG Equipment - II

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG equipment in heat exchangers, pumps, compressors, tubines, electrical systems, control, etc. Please Note :...

LNG Equipment - I

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG equipment in heat exchangers, pumps, compressors, tubines, electrical systems, control, etc. Please Note :...

Ethylene Plant Maintenance and Reliability Session

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
Fluctuating product demand, along with feedstock and energy prices, has resulted in a challenging environment for operators of Olefin producing...

LNG Regasification

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 27, 2009
This session presents papers on the advances in LNG receiving terminals and regasfication facilities in vaporiztion technology etc. Please Note : LNG...

Nano-technology: Fueling the Chemical Industry's Future

November
2003
Special Section
Cristina Roman Vas, Daniela L. Carrillo, Mihail C. Roco, Mindy Rittner, Paul Holister, Tim Harper
Nanotechnology, as a whole, is still an emerging area with the need to make progress in both scientific and technological terms before enormous commercialization of products may occur. Nevertheless, commercial products are out there — more in some...

Form Nanoparticles via Controlled Crystallization

October
2008
Reactions and Separations
Robert J. Fisher, Thomai Panagiotou
This continuous bottom-up approach allows precise control of the crystallization process to achieve size, distribution and quality goals, as well as realize the benefits of process intensification.

Save Energy Through Automation

January
2010
Instrumentation
Douglas C. White
Identifying the right automation investments — those with low costs and high impacts — can result in millions of dollars in energy savings for petrochemical plants. <br>

Hydrogen: Liability or Asset?

September
2002
Reactions and Separations
Dennis Vauk, Ian Moore, Nick  Hallale
In a petroleum refinery, viewing hydrogen as an asset rather than a liability can lead to increased profits. The key is in the mindset. A typical investor uses money to make money. This article shows you how to use hydrogen to make money.
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