David W. King
Follow these guidelines to calculate how fast a pool of spilled liquid will spread across a surface, vaporize and possibly form a flammable mixture with air.
Mike Emery, John Ludman, Thomas Sandbrook
Proper design, installation, and maintenance of flanged connection systems can prevent loss of containment and process interruptions. Follow this seven-step approach to ensure reliability of this critical process equipment.
James L. Manganaro
Finding the throughput of a multiple-unit, multiple-step operation, even when it is relatively uncomplicated, is not always an easy matter. Several equations and graphical aids are provided to help determine yearly capacity.
Use these guidelines to improve the performance of steam jet water chillers and find hidden savings in your plant.
Daniel R. Summers
A good performance evaluation can lead to a significant improvement in column performance and establish a basis for future tower evaluations. <br>
This high-pressure water washing technique can be used to clean Ljungstrom-type air heaters.
Barry A. Perlmutter
The appropriate testing procedures help direct the selection of vacuum filtration equipment and ensure optimum equipment operation.
Uriah Van Amerom
Risks associated with operating an electric motor in hazardous areas range from production downtime to injury and death. Learn how to assess the operating environment and select the appropriate motor.
Mamdouh Gadalla, Megan Jobson, Robin Smith
This method optimizes the existing distillation system and its heat-exchanger network simultaneously, lowering energy consumption and freeing up capacity at a minimum capital investment.
Francisco Cabrejos, Herman Purutyan, Thomas G. Troxel
For new and existing installations, there are many system and component choices available. Here’s how to narrow down the options to make the appropriate selection for optimal performance.
First, prevent problems by selecting the appropriate trap and installing it properly. If problems arise, follow these guidelines for diagnosing and correcting them.
James R. Risko
Steam trap failure can affect process operations and reduce profits. Choosing the right steam traps can improve reliability and reduce cost.
Andy Howell, Kevin Hanson, Vikas Dhole, Wayne Sim
Asset owners who integrate the process engineering, operations and business lifecycles of their facilities can improve return-on-capital by up to 4%. Use this virtual-asset model (VAM) to optimize your business assets.
Peter Van Buskirk, Karl Olander
Innovative gas packaging has potential to significantly lower risk, reduce operating costs and improve gas distribution reliability.
Charles G. Moyers
Continuous dryers are accurately and easily evaluated using laboratory-scale simulators combined with the specific drying rate approach.
Richard Dionne, Henry Z. Kister, Matthew R. Olsson, Walter J. Stupin
This method, based on hydraulic equations in the open literature, calculates vapor/liquid distribution in four-pass trays to correctly predict flooding and efficiency.
David Jaber, Fred L. Hart, Gilbert A. McCoy
These tips on how to improve steam generation, distribution and recovery can help a plant to increase its steam system efficiency by as much as 20-30%.
Bill Carlson, Joe Dumoit, Paul Yanisko, Shiying Zheng
The benefits of nitrogen blanketing include improved process safety, better product quality, and longer equipment life. Here's how to achieve the desired safety or quality results while minimizing costs.
Ander Beain, Jay Heidari, Conrad Gamble
Follow these guidelines for applying side-stream filtration to on-line cleaning, and chemical or mechanical cleaning to equipment that has been drained of fluid.
Steve Chafin , Tim Eggeman
Carbon dioxide freezing in a cryogenic system can result in plugging and other operational problems. This article offers insights into the carbon dioxide freezing phenomenon.
Jack McCavit, Daniel A. Long, P.E.
Chemical processing and manufacturing plants must ensure the mechanical integrity of their equipment. These strategies and tactics can make doing so easier when budget issues arise.
Dennis Vauk, Ian Moore, Nick Hallale
In a petroleum refinery, viewing hydrogen as an asset rather than a liability can lead to increased profits. The key is in the mindset. A typical investor uses money to make money. This article shows you how to use hydrogen to make money.
John H. Worstell, Jonathan H. Worstell
Increase productivity and reduce variable costs by following this strategy for enhancing the performance of a fixed-bed catalyst.
There are many comprehensive design books, but none of them provide a significant number of detailed economic design examples of typically complex industrial processes. Most of the current design books cover a wide variety of topics associated with process design. In addition to discussing...
An accessible guide to the main reasons pumps fail—and what can be done about it Workhorses in many different industries, including the oil industry, water industry, chemical industry, food industry, and pharmaceutical industry to name a few, pumps are a vital contributor to maintaining and...
This book provides methods to train process operators to solve challenging problems. The book is split into two parts. The first part consists of two parts; first developing a daily monitoring system and second providing a structured 5 step problem solving approach that combines cause and effect...
The expert, all-inclusive guide on LNG risk based safety. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is the condensed form of natural gas achieved by cryogenic chilling. This process reduces gas to a liquid 600 times smaller in volume than it is in its original state, making it suitable for economical global...