Plant Operations

Cascade Utilization of Fuel Gas Energy in Gtl Plant

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Thursday, November 7, 2013 - 4:45pm-5:00pm
This paper investigates on a GTL plant with ATR syngas production and proposes a new process to use GT/WHRGSP to replace the fired heater. The new...

Offshore Process Overview

Conference Presentation
Southwest Process Technology Conference
Friday, October 4, 2013 - 1:00pm-3:30pm
Offshore topside facilities are typically designed for minimum processing of the well fluids to minimize the topside facilities weight and footprint...

Integration of Planning and Control

Conference Presentation
Southwest Process Technology Conference
Friday, October 4, 2013 - 8:30am-11:30am
Interoperability refers to the methods by which software applications and systems access data among themselves as required in order to function...

Effect of Process Conditions On Film Temperature in Fired Heaters

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, May 1, 2013 - 4:00pm-4:30pm
Variation in process conditions in fired heaters arise due to multiple circumstances, of these, percentage of excess air, throughput and inlet...

MAPD Stability and Management in Ethylene Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, May 1, 2013 - 8:30am-8:45am
Abstract MAPD Stability and Management in Ethylene Plants Accumulation of C3 (MAPD, Methyl Acetylene & Propadiene) and C4 (VA, Vinyl Acetylene)...

Management Discipline: Defining a Process Safety Strategy

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 11:15am-11:45am
Management Discipline: Defining a Process Safety Strategy Jerry J. Forest - Global Process Safety Manager, Celanese jerry.forest@celanese.com...

Troubleshooting a Furnace Emissions Problem

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 8:45am-9:15am
We had been fighting CO flue gas emissions on our CEMS analyzer for around a year, we had indications that it was a burner problem, fixed the burners...

Improving Fired Heaters Using CFD

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 8:30am-9:00am
We have successfully used CFD( Computational Fluid Dynamics) to improve the performance of a Crude and Coker Heater. CFD helps to model the burners,...

Current Myths about LNG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 29, 2013 - 1:30pm-2:00pm
Since the startup of the first baseload LNG plant (Camel) in 1964, there have been several generations of LNG plant designs. Each generation can be...

Automation and Control of Drug-On-Demand Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, October 31, 2012 - 5:15pm-5:45pm
Stimulated by initiatives such as PAT and QbD, the pharmaceutical industry has been focusing on the development of innovative, efficient...

Application of Quality by Design in API Process Development

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, October 31, 2012 - 2:45pm-3:00pm
Design of Experiments (DOE) is the most effective method to achieve product and pro­cess efficiency and optimization. Design of Experiment (DOE)...

Furnace Stories

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Thursday, April 5, 2012 - 12:00am
The cracking furnace is the heart of the ethylene plant, consuming the most energy, adding the most value and with the potential to cause the most...

Reducing CO2 Emissions From Refineries Through Chemistry Upgrade

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Despite the lack of a global greenhouse gas emission reduction agreement, regional schemes are moving forward to limit CO 2 and other GHG emissions...

Relief Design for Laboratories and Pilot Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Relief evaluation and system design for laboratories and pilot plants presents unique challenges to the relief designer. Relief devices designed for...

Combustion of Mixtures: A Modified IFC Approach

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
While most studies on flares have been done with single hydrocarbon fuels or binary mixtures, the reality of most industrial flares is that they see...

Improving Gas Condensate Reservoir Productivity

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Tuesday, October 18, 2011 - 8:00pm
Gas condensate reservoirs experience great losses in productivity as the reservoir pressure drops below the dew point pressure due to formation and...

A Century of Process Safety: Process Safety at OSHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 17, 2008 - 12:00pm-12:30pm
This presentation will provide a brief history of OSHA's efforts in process safety management. It will include discussion of the PSM standard and...

Optimal Automated Process Fault Analysis

January, 2013
With this book as their guide, readers have a powerful new tool for ensuring the safety and reliability of any chemical processing system. It details a tested and proven strategy to develop optimal automated process fault analyzers.

Succeed at Process Integration

January
2004
Career Catalyst
Alan P. Rossiter
In the application of pinch analysis for energy efficiency improvement and process optimization, technical excellence is necessary and human interactions are important for project success.

Make Your Plant More Energy-Efficient

December
2005
Heat Transfer
Alan P. Rossiter
Improve energy management by optimizing current equipment and operations, implementing economic investments, and engaging in sustaining activities.

Easy Ways to Improve Energy Efficiency

December
2012
Alan P. Rossiter, Veerasamy Venkatesan
Managing the energy consumption of a process does not need to be complicated. This article presents some examples of less-complicated strategies.

Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters

May, 2002
Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application and operation of DDFAs through treatment of...

Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations

September, 1999
Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years' experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated...

Cost Management in Heat-Transfer-Fluid Systems

July
2006
Heat Transfer
Conrad E. Gamble, P.E.
By taking ownership of fluid-related decisions for the entire life of the project, from design through dismantling, users can secure the best and lowest-cost approach in process heating and cooling.

Distillation Troubleshooting

March, 2006
The last half-century of research on distillation has tremendously improved our understanding and design of industrial distillation equipment and systems. High-speed computers have taken over the design, control, and operation of towers. Invention and innovation in tower internals have greatly...

Specifying Laser Scanning Services

May
2005
Plant Design
Eric Hoffman
Increasingly, project managers are called upon to employ laser scanning technology. However, little information available to aid with its specification. This article discusses the basics of laser scanning and the parameters that should be included...

Improving Reverse Osmosis Performance

September
2010
Reactions and Separations
Loraine Huchler
Follow these guidelines for monitoring, evaluating, and troubleshooting RO units to ensure reliable and efficient system operation.

Exploring Instrumentation Alternatives

September
2008
Instrumentation
Robert Baker
Salvaged, remanufactured, refurbished or new-surplus equipment may be a cost-effective option. Here's how to recognize when such devices may no longer meet safety or regulatory requirements.

Evaluating Chiller Performance

May
2003
Heat Transfer
Charles Churchman
Use these simple temperature and flow measurement techniques to evaluate chilled-utility performance and identify the most cost-effective upgrades.

Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation, 2nd Edition

August, 2004
Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation, Second Edition discusses the reasons for spray drying. These reasons are usually to produce a product with certain desired properties or with better efficiency than other methods. The book discusses how to plan in light of these objectives and gives...

AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure - Particle Size Classifiers, 2nd Edition

June, 1993
This procedure offers complete methodologies for sampling and measuring particle streams and summarizes methods of particle size analysis. It also lists operating variables to be considered and measured. Although the procedure is intended specifically for particle classification equipment, many of...

The Chemical Industry Phoenix

June
2012
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
Seven years ago, I wrote a column for another publica­ tion entitled “The U.S. Chemical Industry: R.I.P.” This pillar of American economic strength, which a few years earlier was the leading exporter among U.S. manufac­turing sectors (with net exports of $15–20 billion annually), was shriveling due in large part to policy blunders and regula­tory mistakes.

Improving the Reliability of Mechanical Seals

November
2005
Michael Huebner
With a better understanding of seals, their selection, material considerations, and operation requirements, users can greatly improve equipment reliability and reduce operating costs.

Learn to Effectively Operate and Maintain Pumps

December
2011
Back To Basics
Daniel Kernan
Centrifugal pumps play a central role in chemical processing. Proper pump operation and maintenance can improve a facility's productivity, reduce downtime, and trim costs.

Handling Flammable Liquids

July
2003
Fluids and Solids Handling
James C. Mulligan
Identify electrostatic hazards associated with liquid processing and understand the precautions available to control them.

Rx for Pharma

March
2009
Critical Issues
Girish Malhotra, P.E.
Chemical engineers could hold the key that helps pharmaceutical companies — facing pressure to control rising drug prices and competition from generics — reduce their manufacturing costs.

Improve and Maintain Cooling Tower Efficiency

April
2005
Heat Transfer
James L. Willa
Changing maintenance and/or operating procedures can significantly increase cooling tower performance without major capital expenditures. Here are some tips for ensuring proper design and operation of major tower components.

Don't Get Burned Picking Dry-Type Flame Arresters

October
2002
Fluids and Solids Handling
Stanley G. Grossel
These commonly used devices rely on an internal medium to extinguish flame fronts and take the punch out of shock waves, protecting piping, equipment and personnel. Selecting such equipment involves considering the probable type of combustion,...

Avoid Problems in Process Water Systems

October
2007
Heat Transfer
Marilyn W. Blaschke, Roger D. Metzler
Prevent corrosion, emulsification and fouling by implementing these operational and chemical measures.

Use Oxygen to Improve Combustion and Oxidation

July
2010
Reactions and Separations
Nancy C. Easterbrook, Reed J. Hendershot, Timothy D. Lebrecht
Substituting oxygen for air is often a low-cost, easy-to-implement option that can reduce capital costs, lower emissions, and improve process flexibility and reliability.

Examining X-Ray Technology

March
2009
Fluids and Solids Handling
Ray Spurgeon
Use X-ray inspection to see whether your product is contaminant-free and packaged properly.

Optimize Heat Exchanger Cleaning Schedules

June
2001
Heat Transfer
Bruce A. Barna, Chris D. Gosling, Brendan R. O'Donnel
Get the most out of your heat exchanger by evaluating the trade-offs between a one-time expenditure and reduced operating expenses, increased income, and/or longer operating life span. Brendan R. O'Donnell - Bruce A. Barna - Chris D. Gosling -

Identifying Corrosion and Its Causes

April
2011
Fluids and Solids Handling
Gary Geiger, Mel J. Esmacher, P.E.
An important first step in maintaining equipment reliability and efficiency is understanding the various types of corrosion damage that can occur.

Is Your Cold Lime Softener Effective?

December
2007
Reactions and Separations
Loraine Huchler
If your plant's utility system is experiencing problems, the culprit may be the clarifier. Understanding how to diagnose and correct off-spec clarifier operation will allow downstream units to function more efficiently and reliably.

Apply Solubility Theory for Process Improvements

March
2004
Reactions and Separations
Michael J. Gentilcore
For solid compounds that dissolve in solvents but do not ionize, the thermodynamics of solubility can provide valuable predictions and insights.

Get More Out of Single-Stage Distillation

February
2002
Reactions and Separations
Ernest A. Perkins , Ryan C. Schad 
Try these practical ways to boost capacity, increase product quality or reduce cycle time in batch and continuous systems.

Profiting From Your Pumping System

September
2003
Fluids and Solids Handling
Aimee McKane  , Vestal Tutterow,  Don Casada
Identify ways to minimize the lifecycle costs of your pumping system

Take Another Look at Steam Traps

June
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
S. Raghavi  Chari
Think twice before installing a steam trap. In the case of superheated lines, steam traps may prove to be a waste of time, effort, and money

Determine the Right Eye Protection

September
2011
Safety
Harry J. Elston
Wearing the appropriate protective eyewear begins with a thorough safety assessment. These guidelines clarify how to identify hazards and select protective equipment to avoid eye injuries.

Track Condenser Performance

February
2003
Heat Transfer
Brad Buecker
An effective monitoring program can extend equipment life, improve operations, and yield substantial energy savings.

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