In Vivo Activation of Apo-Hydrogenases Using Synthetic Analogues of Its Active Site in E.coli

Authors: 
Khanna, N., Uppsala University
Meszaros, L., Uppsala University
Esmieu, C., Uppsala University
Berggren, G., Uppsala University
Lindblad, P., Uppsala University
Hydrogenases have attracted attention as catalysts for the processing of hydrogen. [FeFe] hydrogenases (HydA) consist of [4Fe4S] cluster directly tethered to an organometallic [2Fe] subsite. The [2Fe] subsite is dependent on a specific subset of maturation enzymes (HydEFG) for its biosynthesis and incorporation into HydA. Synthetic chemistry has made the synthesis of analogues of that subsite possible [1]. In this project, [FeFe] hydrogenase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was heterologously expressed in the absence of the Hyd-maturation machinery in E. coli BL21 and Synechocystis. In vivo, biomimetic hydrogen production was achieved upon incubation of the apo-hydA expressing cells with the synthetic mimics of the [2Fe] subsite. This is the first example of in vivo activation of apo-hydrogenases using synthetic analogues of the active site. The study demonstrates a powerful new tool for activating hydrogenases under in vivo conditions, in the absence of the still only partially characterized maturation machinery.

References:

  1. Berggren G, Adamska A, Lambertz C, Simmons T R, Esselborn J, Atta, M, Gambarelli, S, Mouesca, JM, Reijerse E, Lubitz, W, Happe T, Artero V, Fontecave M (2014) Biomimetic assembly and activation of [FeFe] -hydrogenases. Nature, 499(7456): 66–69.