Synthetic Selection Devices Using Expression Regulators for Evolutionary Metabolic Engineering
Metabolic Engineering Conference
Thursday, June 30, 2016 - 12:20pm to 12:40pm
Pathway optimization of microbial metabolism is essential for the production of commercially valuable chemicals such as biofuels, platform chemicals and biologically active compounds. To achieve the successful design or redesign of microbial metabolism, robustness of naturally occurring biological systems has to be relieved so that cells can be easily redesigned. Although extremely huge efforts have been made to find genetic target to improve metabolic function of the microorganisms, there still exists the additional room for the non-rational approach. Currently, typical approach for metabolic engineering uses both rational approach as well as non-rational methods such as combinatorial and evolutionary methods. One of the most critical problems of metabolic engineering is especially robustness of the biological systems. Bacterial cells are generally evolved at the various levels from DNA to protein for maintaining their robustness against the changing circumstances. Therefore, general strategy to modify cellular physiology depending the robustness or flexibility of the biological systems should be required. In this study, we developed synthetic selection devices using the expression regulators at transcription and translation levels. By combining the product-sensitive promoters and selection markers, a selection device turning the cellular phenotype into selective based on the intracellular concentration of the product. Additionally, intracellular metabolite sensor named “riboselector” to regulate metabolic distribution will be presented. The potentials of the platform technology developed in this study for the application to the production of biofuels and commodity chemicals.