May

Books: May 2017

May
2017
Books
Expensive Sentences: Debunking the Common Myths that Derail Decision and Sabotage Success Jack Quarles, Ideapress Publishing, Washington, DC, $24.95, 292 pages, Feb. 2017, ISBN: 978-1-940-85825-8 We often employ proverbs, conventional wisdom, and...

Compressed Air Basics

May
2017
Back To Basics
Michael L. Stowe, P.E.
Compressing air is an inefficient and expensive process. This article offers some tactics to optimize your compressed air system, which can help reduce energy costs at your plant.

YPOV: Skills They Don’t Teach You in School

May
2017
YPOV
Emily Frangenberg
It’s impossible to learn everything you need to know for your career in a four-year undergraduate program. A proper education should prepare you with the tools and skills you need to problem-solve in the “real world.” However, the typical chemical...

CEP: News Update

May
2017
News Update
4D Printing Creates Shape-Shifting Materials Scientists at Georgia Institute of Technology and Singapore Univ. of Technology and Design have developed a way to 3D-print objects that can easily change shape when they are heated. The process could...

Process Safety Beacon: Corroded Tanks Are Dangerous

May
2017
Process Safety Beacon
A tank containing spent sulfuric acid (and some hydrocarbon) from a refinery alkylation process exploded in 2001 (Photo 1), injuring eight and killing one person. Some of the spilled sulfuric acid flowed into a nearby river, causing environmental...

Leadership Q&A: A CEO’s Role in Corporate Culture

May
2017
Leadership Q&A
Trinseo, a global chemical materials producer with 2016 revenues of $3.7 billion, was formed in 2010 from the sale of four business units of Dow Chemical. Formerly known as Styron, Trinseo has combined the assets and technologies of those businesses...

Consider Modular Plant Design

May
2017
Process Development
Sulogna Roy, P.Eng.
Modular plants offer many benefits over a conventional stick-built facility. Read about the pros and cons of the modular approach to help you decide if it makes sense for your project.

Editorial: Budgeting for A Safer Future

May
2017
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
This is an expanded version of the Editorial that appeared in the print version of Chemical Engineering Progress, May 2017. What could you do with $11 million? If you were Vanessa Sutherland, chairperson and CEO of the U.S. Chemical Safety and...

Letters: May 2017

May
2017
Letters
Bypassing Safety Systems Louisa Nara’s Spotlight on Safety article on the dangers of bypassing safety systems in CEP’s Feb. 2017 issue (p. 19) is an excellent reminder of the potential pitfalls of this sometimes necessary practice. It underscores...

Leveraging Smart Valve Positioners

May
2017
Instrumentation
Janine McCormick, Steve Hagen
Smart valve positioners offer a range of diagnostics, but the volume of information they can provide can be daunting. Establish a program to deal with alerts and analyze data to help you benefit from the information without getting overwhelmed.

New Products: May 2017

May
2017
New Products
Instrumentation Miniature Multichannel Detectors Withstand Harsh Environmental Stressors The cap of conventional multichannel detectors usually includes sensitive narrow-bandpass channel filters. Instead, these sensors include a central window — a...

Understand Produce Contamination

May
2017
Critical Issues
Deepti Salvi
Foodborne pathogen outbreaks can be prevented by limiting the number of microbes that attach to produce surfaces. This article explains the interactions between bacterial cells and produce surfaces and the mechanisms of pathogen attachment and detachment.

Spotlight on Safety: Process Safety - Start Them Young

May
2017
Spotlight on Safety
Shakeel Kadri
The concept of process safety has been around for over 200 years, although awareness of process safety was limited to nearly nonexistent for most of this time. Two catastrophic incidents — at Flixborough, U.K., in 1974 and Bhopal, India, in 1984 —...

AIChE Journal Highlight: Non-Viral Gene Delivery for Cancer Therapy

May
2017
Journal Highlight
As researchers gain more insight into the molecular basis of cancer cell genesis, proliferation, and metastasis, gene therapy has emerged as a promising strategy for cancer treatment. In particular, the non-viral delivery of therapeutic nucleic acid...

Technical Entity Trends: A World Transitioning to Translational Medicine

May
2017
Technical Entity Trends
Gabriel Levesque-Tremblay
The failure rate for new drugs and therapies under development exceeds 95%. For the other 5%, it takes at least 14 years and more than $1 billion to develop a successful candidate into a product that can be delivered to patients. The field of...

Leadership Q&A: Keep the Long-Term in Mind

May
2016
Leadership Q&A
Bhavesh (Bob) Patel, CEO and chairman of the management board of LyondellBasell, talks to CEP about his strategy for leading one of the largest plastics, chemicals, and refining companies in the world. In 2010–2011, faced with significant debt and soft demand, the company had to restructure and cut costs. Emerging from those dark times, LyondellBasell is now focused on growth and expanding its operations where it has a competitive advantage.

Determining Discharge Rates of Particulate Solids

May
2016
Fluids and Solids Handling
Shrikant Dhodapkar, Karl V. Jacob, Madhusudhan Kodam
Many factors affect the flowrate of bulk solids. This article reviews the underlying physics of solids flow and explains how to calculate the discharge rate of solids from processing and handling equipment.

Nanotechnology: A Guide to Nano-Objects

May
2011
On The Horizon
Sravani Gullapalli, Michael Wong
Rapid change in the field of nanotechnology can make it hard to keep track of the latest nanomaterial developments. Here's a primer on the most common shapes, sizes, and compositions of nano-objects.

Understand Pilot-Plant Design Specifications

May
2016
Plant Design
Adam Whalley, P.Eng.,
Although pilot- and commercial-scale plants may appear similar, they must be designed with different objectives in mind. Find out how the design criteria for pilot and commercial plants differ, and why commercial specifications should not be applied to pilot plants.

Technical Entity Trends: A Critical Problem to Solve

May
2016
Technical Entity Trends
Derrick Wu
We treat our phones as necessary extensions of ourselves, and it is now hard to imagine life without what has become like an additional limb. Similarly, we have grown so used to computers, cars, and items requiring batteries that many of us would...

New Products: May 2016

May
2016
New Products
Product Focus: Heat Transfer Heat Exchanger Delivers Hot Water On Demand The EasiHeat domestic hot water (DHW) system incorporates Spirax Intelligent Monitoring System (S.I.M.S) technology to deliver a constant supply of hot water at a stable...

Spotlight on Safety: Prepare to be Safe at a First Job or Internship

May
2016
Spotlight on Safety
Louisa Nara
If you are a new graduate starting your first job or a student beginning a summer internship at a chemical plant, laboratory, or manufacturing facility, this might be your first time working in the presence of heavy machinery and chemicals. Although...

Books

May
2016
Books
Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites: Reducing Vulnerability to Accidents and Terrorism Through Green Chemistry Paul T. Anastas and David G. Hammond, Elsevier, New York, NY, $49.95, 134 pages, Oct. 2015, ISBN: 978-0-128-04190-1 Accidental or deliberate...

YPOV: Persuade Your Boss to Send You to an AIChE Conference

May
2016
YPOV
Giselle Schlegel
The wealth of information and knowledge that you can gain at an AIChE conference is extraordinary. At every turn, professionals, graduate students, and undergraduates are sharing their ideas and accomplishments with other conference-goers. The week...

Preparing for a Successful Energy Assessment

May
2016
Back To Basics
Thomas R. Theising
If your facility has an upcoming energy assessment, you might be overwhelmed with the list of things you need to do, data you need to organize, and people you need to contact. This article streamlines the planning process and recommends steps you can take to optimize your facility’s energy costs.

CEP: News Update

May
2016
News Update
Building Microstructures, One Particle at a Time As engineers and scientists synthesize ever-smaller structures, one source of building blocks is colloidal particles. Now, a new method enables the creation of colloidal particle structures with...

Editorial: Keep Your Eyes on the Prize

May
2016
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Many leaders and managers consider Stephen Covey’s best-selling book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change, required reading. Three articles in this issue evoke Covey’s Habit 2: begin with the end in mind.

Consider Moving to Fixed Valves

May
2016
Reactions and Separations
Scott Hebert, Neil Sandford
CPI companies are switching to fixed valves despite a slight loss in operational flexibility. Fixed valves offer better reliability, fouling resistance, and more robust valve designs.

Process Safety Beacon: Prevent Repeat Incidents

May
2016
Process Safety Beacon
On Jan. 29, 2016, the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) issued a report and video animation of an April 17, 2013, explosion in an agricultural chemical storage facility in West, TX. The explosion caused 15 fatalities, more...

CEP: YPOV - Negotiating for Financial Success

May
2013
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
A discussion among graduating seniors and AIChE young professionals at the recent 2013 Southern Regional Student Conference turned to questions about negotiating job offers. The compensation you first receive often dictates your future growth at a...

CEP: YPOV - Successfully Navigating in a New Career

May
2015
YPOV
Kyle Kramer
Congratulations to those of you who are graduating this month! This is a monumental time in your life. If you already have a job lined up, you are ready to walk across the graduation stage and into your future career. However, being the new person...

Process Safety: How are you Doing?

May
2008
Safety
Scott Berger, Tim Overton and Scott Berger
Use these metrics to benchmark your company's process safety performance, and to set a course toward continual improvement.

Turkey’s Chemicals Industry Expands into Global Markets

May
2015
Global Outlook
Metin Turkay
The Turkish chemicals industry has the potential for significant growth, with increasing demand coming from both domestic and global markets. To capture this potential, the industry will need to increase production capacity and diversify its product portfolio.

Select the Best Model for Two-Phase Relief Sizing

May
2001
Safety
Ronald Darby, Ron Darby, Paul R. Meiller, & Jarad R. Stockton
A variety of methods exist for sizing valves, but not all give the best predictions for certain conditions. RonDarby-PaulR.Meiller-JaradR.Stockton-

Hit the Ground Running on Your Next Project

May
2013
Career Catalyst
Glen Rosentrater
Despite the progress made in project management theory, these advances are just starting to make their way into the chemical process industries. Use this step-by-step framework to implement some key best practices.

Improve Process Safety with Near-Miss Analysis

May
2013
On The Horizon
Ulku Oktem, Ankur Pariyani, Dr. Warren Seider, Masoud Soroush
Valuable information about unsafe conditions resides in the large alarm databases of distributed control systems and emergency shutdown systems. This overlooked and underutilized information can be analyzed to identify process near-misses and determine the probability of serious accidents.

3D-Printed Prosthetics Roll Off the Presses

May
2014
On The Horizon
Sujata Bhatia, Shruti Sharma
From implant design to scaffold development and prosthetic construction, 3D printing offers unique solutions for complex problems in the biomedical sciences.

CEP: Editorial - Don’t Miss Important Warning Signs

May
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Process safety is on my mind for several reasons, including the recent explosion at a Texas fertilizer plant and this month’s On the Horizon article, “Improve Process Safety with Near-Miss Analysis,” by Ulku Oktem, Warren Seider, Masoud Soroush, and...

CEP: Editorial - Don't Lecture Me

May
2015
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
This is an expanded version of the Editorial that appeared in the print version of Chemical Engineering Progress, May 2015. Much has been written about chemical engineering education, particularly what students should be taught to prepare them for a...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy

May
2015
Energy
Alan P. Rossiter
Enhance your facility’s energy efficiency through operational improvements, effective maintenance, engineered improvements, and new technologies.

Designing Pneumatic Conveying Systems

May
2006
Fluids and Solids Handling
Eric Maynard
Use this 9-step methodology to design and operate a reliable and cost-effective system to efficiently transport materials.

Use TRIZ in Reverse to Analyze Failures

May
2005
Career Catalyst
Jack Hipple
Asking “how could I make this fail?” can help you to identify potential problems that you might not otherwise have considered.

Bio-Based Materials in the New Bio Economy

May
2012
SBE Special Section
Manjusri Misra, Amar Mohanty, Murali M. Reddy
Biological feedstocks are expected to gradually replace some fossil-based raw materials to create eco-friendly products, from car parts and packaging materials to electronic devices and other consumer goods - laying the foundation for a reduced-carbon economy.

The Future of the Lecture

May
2015
AIChE Journal Highlight
Edward L. Cussler
The lecture is an important and indispensible tool for teaching undergraduate chemical engineering students. The electronics revolution will not dramatically change the basic structure of the lecture, but instead supplement and enhance what is being taught.

Chemical Looping Rises to the Challenge

May
2015
On The Horizon
Liang-Shih Fan, Liang Zeng, Siwei Luo
By separating a reaction into several subreactions, chemical looping minimizes exergy loss, facilitates product separation, and provides flexibility in process design.

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - Verify, then Act

May
2015
Spotlight on Safety
Louisa Nara
Verify-then-act is a practice and mindset that all engineers and personnel in the chemical process industries (CPI) should adopt. Mixing the wrong chemicals, setting temperatures or pressures outside of safe operating limits, or performing a step out of sequence can result in a range of consequences, from a bad batch or loss of production to a catastrophic incident. However, simply verifying before acting can reduce the risk of these penalties and save time, money, and lives.

Navigating NFPA Codes and Standards

May
2012
Safety
Jeremy Lebowitz
Follow the recommendations and how-to Guidance provided by the National Fire Protection Association to safeguard against fires and explosions.

CEP: Editorial - Turn Our Hindsight into Your Foresight

May
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Turn Our Hindsight into Your Foresight This is an expanded version of the Editorial that appeared in the print version of Chemical Engineering Progress, May 2014. Reflecting on the first year of her chemical engineering career, Samantha Schmidt...

CEP: What's New

May
2015
New Products
Read about new products and services in the areas of heat transfer; fluids and solids handling; environmental, health, and safety; materials and chemicals; and operations and maintenance.

CEP: What's New

May
2013
New Products
Read about new products and services on exhibit at the Air and Waste Management Association Expo.

CEP: What's New

May
2014
New Products
Read about new products and services in the areas of instrumentation; materials and chemicals; fluids and solids handling; and heat transfer.

What's New?

May
2012
New Products
See the latest in laboratory equipment—benchtop meters featuring intelligent sensors, instrumentation, operations and maintenance, and materials.

CEP: Catalyzing Commercialization - Enabling a New Generation of Polyolefins

May
2015
Catalyzing Commercialization
With a global production of 150 million metric tons in 2013, polyolefins represent the largest class of synthetic polymers. Today, the industry uses a costly, time-consuming, “one catalyst, one material” trial-and-error approach to developing new polymers. Precision Polyolefins (PPL) intends to change the status quo by establishing a novel “one catalyst, many materials” paradigm for rapid discovery and product development of new polyolefins.

CEP: News Update

May
2015
News Update
Metabolic Engineering Delivers Low-Cost Hydrogen; Metal-Free Catalyst Recharges Zinc-Air Batteries; Aluminum Could Take Charge of the Battery Market; New Desalination Membrane Resists Chlorine; and more

CEP: Institute News

May
2015
Institute News
Meet AIChE’s New Fellows; AIChE Opens Houston Office; Your AIChE Membership — Career Services; Member News

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Mechanical Integrity

May
2015
Process Safety Beacon
An effective MOC system is vital to the success of any piping integrity management program. Your plant inspection group can anticipate changes in corrosion or other deterioration and change inspection schedules and procedures appropriately. Make sure your inspection group is involved in the approval process for changes that may affect the integrity of piping or other equipment.

CEP: Calendars

May
2015
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Academy Calendar; Webinars

CEP: Institute News

May
2014
Institute News
Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety Wrap-Up; New Fellows; Professional Licensure and the Industrial Exemption; Member News

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - Normalization of Deviation — Identify It, Correct It, Prevent It

May
2014
Spotlight on Safety
Louisa Nara
Whether we are talking about occupational safety or process safety, normalizing a deviation can result in unsafe practices, conditions, and operations. Getting comfortable with and accepting these deviations can cause a shift in our perception of what is safe. Why does this matter? Moving the target for safe operating limits and tolerating the higher risk s associated with doing so can ultimately lead to a catastrophic incident.

CEP: Calendars

May
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Education Calendar; Webinars; Web Forum
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