2008

Minimize Wastes from Specialty Chemical Processes

January
2008
Environmental Management
Michael Cipullo, Jeffrey Mueller
Use this holistic approach as the basis for a process development strategy to identify environmentally sound, cost-effective, low-waste-generating processes.

What’s New Then and Now - Part 1

November
2008
Centennial
Matthew McKeon-Slattery
This special products section looks at some of today’s equipment and service offerings alongside product write-ups and ads from the past.

Legionella: An Invisible Risk

April
2008
News Feature
Cynthia F. Mascone
Ignoring this hidden hazard can put both the public and companies that operate cooling towers at risk.

RFID - Rx for Drug Security?

February
2008
News Feature
Gerald Parkinson
Some pharmaceutical companies are turning to radio frequency identification to protect against counterfeiting and theft of expensive drugs.

Grand Challenges for Engineering

April
2008
News Feature
Gordon Ellis
Twentieth-century engineering enabled life as we know it. The National Academy of Engineering looks at what is needed in the future.

IGCC Power Generation - Down But Not Out

September
2008
News Feature
Suzanne Shelley
Many technology advances are underway to address cost, CO2 and reliability issues and expand the use of integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), a cleaner way to generate electricity from coal.

Consider Natural Hazards in Process Safety Management

July
2008
Safety
Frank F. Liserio Jr.
Incorporating hurricanes, earthquakes and other forces of nature into an integrated process safety management (PSM) program can enable you to effectively identify these hazards and manage the risks.

Tracking Trends in Undergraduate Enrollment

November
2008
Centennial
R. Russell Rhinehart
By understanding the normal enrollment swings, employers and students can capitalize during the boom times and rideout the busts, while universities can allocate resources more effectively.

A Century of Triumphs

November
2008
Centennial
Ten lasting chemical engineering achievements — and 100 markers of chemical engineers’ progress toward them.

Science on a World Stage

July
2008
News Feature
Gordon Ellis
The first annual World Science Festival takes Manhattan by storm, with 120,000 people celebrating scientific diversity.

Use Exponential Functions to Correlate Temperature Dependence

July
2008
Physical Properties
Faruk Civan
Use Exponential Functions to Correlate Temperature Dependence Asymptotic exponential equations may provide a more-accurate or easier-to-use representation of a property’s temperature dependence than commonly used polynomial expressions.

Saluting AIChE’s Centenarians

November
2008
Centennial
In honor of AIChE’s 100th birthday, we recognize two members who have each celebrated more than 100 birthdays.

Polysilicon Business Shines Brightly

August
2008
News Feature
Gerald Parkinson
To meet growing demand for solar energy, new polysilicon plants are being built at an unprecedented rate, and several new technologies will play a role in the capacity expansion.

Exploring Instrumentation Alternatives

September
2008
Instrumentation
Robert Baker
Salvaged, remanufactured, refurbished or new-surplus equipment may be a cost-effective option. Here's how to recognize when such devices may no longer meet safety or regulatory requirements.

Plant Security Remains a Moving Target

May
2008
News Feature
Cynthia F. Mascone
While chemical companies work toward complying with existing standards, legislators are poised to revise those very rules — with changes ranging from minor tweaking to major overhaul on the table.

How Will You Manage?

July
2008
Career Catalyst
Glen Rosentrater
Engineers typically don’t learn the “soft skills” of team and project management in school. Here is a game plan to help you supplement your technical expertise with effective leadership.

Find Mixing Success Through Failures - Part 2

December
2008
Fluids and Solids Handling
David S. Dickey, Gary K. Patterson
Understanding when and why mixing fails in the laboratory is often the only way of avoiding a similar failure in a production-scale reactor. Here we examine mixing in stirred-tank reactors and provide guidance on scale-up.

How Might Biofuels Impact the Chemical Industry?

March
2008
Special Section
William F. Banholzer, Mark E. Jones, Keith J. Watson
Considering the range of possibilities and constraints, a major transformation of the chemical industry's current capital structure is unlikely for at least a few decades.

Eliminate Iteration from Flow Problems

March
2008
Fluids and Solids Handling
John D. Barry
This article introduces a novel approach to solving flow and pipe-sizing problems based on two new dimensionless quantities that are independent of line size and flow.

Form Nanoparticles via Controlled Crystallization

October
2008
Reactions and Separations
Robert J. Fisher, Thomai Panagiotou
This continuous bottom-up approach allows precise control of the crystallization process to achieve size, distribution and quality goals, as well as realize the benefits of process intensification.

Choose the Right Elastomer

June
2008
Materials
William M. Stahl
Match a material's performance to process conditions to reduce leaks, improve safety and extend the mean time between failures (MTBF).

Biobutanol – A Replacement for Bioethanol?

August
2008
SBE Special Section
Ron Cascone
Ethanol, the leading incumbant biofuel, has several limitations.Butanol overcomes many of these, and holds promise as the next important transportation biofuel.

Metabolic Engineering of Next-Generation Biofuels

August
2008
SBE Special Section
Wendy Higashide, James C. Liao
Engineers are turning to genetic and biological tools and techniques to synthesize higher-chain alcohols that do not suffer from the same limitations as ethanol.

Taming Intrapersonal Pirates of Performance

December
2008
Career Catalyst
Saidas M. Ranade
Don’t let preconceived notions, preoccupation, and poor perception plunder your progress. These exercises will show you how to scuttle these scallywags, and make teamwork smooth sailing.

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