(54az) Generation of Particles with a Special Morphology By Desublimation of Copper Phthalocyanine

Authors: 
Kerner, M., University of Kaiserslautern
Antonyuk, S., Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
The morphology of submicron particles becomes more and more important concerning new functional materials. For example the special electric properties of particles can be used in electronic devices [1]. Moreover the electric, optical or catalytic properties of particles can be optimised by adjusting the morphology of the particles. This may imply a risk for the health but makes it possible to realize specific product characteristics. The morphology of the particles should therefore be considered e.g. for filter tests and for the developing and testing of sensor systems.

To explore the characterization of the particle morphology the DFG-AiF cluster project “multi-parametric characterization of particle-based functional materials using innovative online measurement systems” (MPaC) includes the development of online sensor systems for the size and structure of the particles as well as the development of generation methods for particles with a special morphology. The production of spherical particles can be achieved with different commercial aerosol generators. Several generation techniques for special particles are described in literature [2] [3] [4]. To test the sensor systems with particles of different shapes a new type of aerosol generator was developed. The aim for the new generator is to produce the particles in the gaseous phase and provide the particles directly for sensor or filter testing.

The developed generator uses the desublimation of copper phthalocyanine (organic pigment) to structure the surface of titanium dioxide. The bulk material copper phthalocyanine is dispersed into a nitrogen gas stream and transported to a tube furnace. Here the bulk material sublimates and the gas stream carries the material to a laval nozzle where the adiabatic expansion takes place. This leads to a rapid decrease of the temperature behind the laval nozzle and an oversaturation in the gaseous phase. In addition to the decrease of the temperature core particles of titanium dioxide were initiated behind the laval nozzle. The copper phthalocyanine desublimates on the core particles and causes a structured surface. The morphology of the generated particles is characterized by SEM. The particles show a punctual coating of the titanium dioxide particles with copper phthalocyanine. The size of the titanium dioxide particles is about 500 nm and the punctual coating of copper phthalocyanine measures a few nanometres.

The generation method and the design of the generator will be presented and the morphology of the generated particles will be described.

[1]

K. Deppert, M. H. Magnusson, S. B. Carlsson, B. Gustafson, T. Junno, . L. Montelius, B. J. Ohlsson, L. Samuelson und L. E. Wernersson, „Future electronic devices by aerosol techniques,“ Journal of Aerosol Science, Nr. 31, 2000.

[2]

J. Raula, A. Kuivanen, A. Lähde, H. Jiang, M. Antopolsky, J. Kansikas und E. . I. Kauppinen, „Synthesis of image-leucine nanoparticles via physical vapor deposition at varying saturation conditions,“ Journal of Aerosol Science, Nr. 38, 2007.

[3]

M. Heurlin, M. H. Martin, D. Lindgren, M. Ek, R. L. Wallenberg, K. Deppert und L. Samuelson, „Continuous gas-phase synthesis of nanowires with tunable properties,“ Nature, Nr. 492, 2012.

[4]

K. Nielsch, K. Deppert, M. H. Magnusson, G. Dumpich, E. Kruis und H. Fissan, „Formation of ultrafine particles from powders of compounds with incongruent sublimation behavior,“ Journal of Aerosol Science, Nr. 28, 1997.