AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety

The US Chemical Safety Board and Inherently Safer Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2012
The United State (US) Chemical Safety Board (CSB) was created by the same legislation that mandated the regulation of high hazard industries by the...

Dynamic Simulation of Demethanizer and Chilling Train System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2012
The chilling train system is an important part of ethylene plant which is usually combined with demethanizer and a series of flash drums to separate...

The Economics of Process Measurements

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2012
What is the economic value of a new measuring device in a process plant – a new analyzer, a more accurate flow measurement, an additional temperature...

Trip & Throttle Valve Reliability

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Trip & Throttle Valve Reliability Trip & Throttle (or Stop) valves are used in ethylene plants to isolate the energy to steam turbines when...

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

Ethylene Boil-off Compressor Process Safety Incident

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Braskem, a Brazilian player among petrochemical manufacturers, produces monomers, resins and chemicals specialties. The overall Ethylene capacity is...

Cracked Gas Compressor Control Tutorial

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
The market conditions over the couple of years has prompted many end-users to review antisurge control design to help lower their energy index. A...

Advanced Hydrogen Management : More Than a Balancing Act

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Modern high complexity refining landscape involves increasing proportion of “opportunity crude” processing and widened bottom-of-the-barrel...

Objectives of Anti-Surge Control

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Objectives of Anti-Surge Control Preventing a compressor surge is the primary purpose of an anti-surge controller. However, there are additional...

Thoughts about Safety, Staying at Zero

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Perfect safety records and perfect environmental records are an “inalienable right”, given to us not by governments, companies, or others. It is a...

An Update on OSHA's PSM National Emphasis Programs

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Good Engineering Practices - Inspection and Test Frequencies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
The "Process Safety Management" standard of the Occupational Safety and Health Act [OSHA] requires that "The frequency of inspections and tests of...

LNG Tank Top Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
The regulatory requirements of 49 CFR 193, Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities: Federal Safety Standards, require thorough engineering reviews before...

Operational Inputs Into the Mechanical Integrity Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
A predictive mechanical integrity (MI) program is based on the following: * Damage mechanisms that affect process equipment. * Rate at which...

Introductory Remarks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011

Flare Minimization Via Dynamic Simulation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Flaring in chemical process industry (CPI) is an important method to protect equipment and personnel safety during the process upset and the chemical...

Process Automation During Refinery Unit Transitions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Process Automation ideas and technologies have been used sporadically for decades. However, in US refineries, automation technologies are still...

Improving Ethylene Charge Gas Compressor Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
The changing landscape of the ethylene industry requiring more feedstock flexibility and upstream and downstream integration increases the complexity...

Mitigation of Preheat Fouling by Eliminating the Cause

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Today, there is no excuse for not getting five years or more on the run length of refinery preheat exchangers without the need for cleaning. Among...

Exploitation of Low-Grade Heat In Site Utility Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
The site utility system provides the heating, cooling load along with power production for the processes on the total site. Low-grade heat is...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

It's People, Stupid! Human Factors In Incident Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
People have inherent strengths and weaknesses which can affect their performance. Issues such as fatigue, emotional stress, and motivation can...

Prevention of CUI: “ Roadmap to Managing CUI ”

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
This paper details CUI cases as well as the means for preventing, finding and repairing them. Approaches and procedures for managing CUI are...

Novel Additives to Improve Resid Quality

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
With an increasing focus on resid upgrade and bottom of the barrel conversion over the years due to economic advantages, refiners are increasingly...

Secondary Effects of Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Secondary Effects of Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions While climate change has lost some interest to the global economy, the United States and the...

New Continuous Coking Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
NEW CONTINUOUS COKING PROCESS A new coking process can accept resid feed from the conventional resid heater in a coking plant and continuously...

Plasma Assisted De-NOx In Diesel Engine

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Plasma assisted De-NOx systems in mobile application are introduced. In general, de-NOx process requires reductant for reducing catalyst. NH3(Urea)...

Incident Investigation- Addressing Common Oversights

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Principles of incident investigation may be used in daily process troubleshooting and near miss events to identify root cause. Identifying and...

Role of Plasma Chemistry In Fuel Reforming Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
The purpose of the present study is to investigate role of plasma chemistry in a fuel reforming process. So far, role of plasma chemistry in a fuel...

Bahx Repair

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Abstract: Repair of brazed aluminum heat exchangers requires specialized knowledge. While repairs can be done successfully, improper procedures can...

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