(100a) Effects of Process Parameters on Carbon Deposition During Iron Catalyzed Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Studied with a Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance | AIChE

(100a) Effects of Process Parameters on Carbon Deposition During Iron Catalyzed Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Studied with a Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance

Authors 

Koeken, A. C. J. - Presenter, Utrecht University
Ruitenbeek, M. - Presenter, DOW Benelux BV
de Jong, K. P. - Presenter, Utrecht University


Effects of Process Parameters on Carbon
Deposition during Iron Catalyzed Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis studied with a
Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance

Ard C. J.
Koeken
,* Matthijs Ruitenbeek,# Krijn P. de Jong*

* Inorganic Chemistry and
Catalysis - Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science - Utrecht University - Sorbonnelaan 16 - 3584 CA - Utrecht - The Netherlands

# DOW Benelux BV,
Hydrocarbons R&D, P.O. Box 48, NL-4530 AA Terneuzen - The Netherlands

Production
of lower olefins from renewable feedstock or coal is of great interest to the
chemical industry.[1] The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) can be the key
process to directly convert synthesis gas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and
hydrogen gas produced from renewable feedstock or coal, into lower olefins.
Iron catalysts have promising characteristics such as high olefin selectivity,
high water-gas shift activity, and low cost.[2] Transformation of the catalytic
phase, carbon deposition, sintering, and poisoning are the main causes for the
deactivation of Fe catalysts during FTS.[2] In particular, at the high reaction
temperatures required for a high lower olefin selectivity, carbon deposition is
an issue as it may result in catalyst particle disintegration.[2] As the
deposition of carbon on the catalytic surface increases the mass of the solid
catalyst, measuring the mass in situ is a means to investigate the
kinetics of carbon deposition. The Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance
(TEOM) allows for such a measurement at varying temperature and pressure under
plug-flow conditions.[3]

            Here,
the first TEOM study of carbon deposition during FT is presented for an a-Al2O3 supported Fe catalyst. The figure shows the
influence of CO pressure on the carbon build-up and the weight-time yield (WTY).
A clear increase in rate of carbon deposition with CO pressure is found.

Figure- A) Carbon build-up.

Figure- B) Product weight-time
yields.

Conditions: 350 °C, 10 bar H2,
50 mL/min H2, 0.02 g catalyst (10wt% Fe).

In
the full presentation we discuss extensively the effect of process parameters
(e.g. P, T, H2/CO ratio, GHSV) on carbon deposition. It is
demonstrated that the TEOM is a powerful tool to investigate carbon deposition along
with activity and selectivity under FTS conditions that are industrially relevant.

[1]        R. Diercks et al, Chem. Eng. Tech. 31 (2008)
631.

[2]        M. E. Dry, Appl.
Catal A 138 (1996) 319-344

[3]        D. Chen et al, in Advances in
Catalysis, Vol 51, Vol. 51, Elsevier Academic Press Inc, San Diego, 2007, pp.
351.

E-mail:   a.c.j.koeken@uu.nl

www:    http://www.anorg.chem.uu.nl/home/index.html

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