(242f) Laser Diagnostics of Flow Structures and Gas-Mixing Induced by Bubble Bursting at the Surface of Gas-Fluidized Beds

Authors: 
SOLIMENE, R., UNIVERSITA' DI NAPOLI FEDERICO II
Salatino, P., Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Marzocchella, A., Università degi Studi di Napoli Federico II
RAGUCCI, R., CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE


Gas mixing in the splash zone of gas fluidized bed reactors plays an important role in fluidized bed processes where homogenous gas-phase reactions take place. An example is represented by the fluidized bed combustion of high-volatile solid fuels, where the large contribution to overall heat release due to homogeneous combustion of volatile matter and the ?stratified? combustion pattern emphasizes the importance of the axial and radial burning profiles and of mixing/segregation phenomena in the splash zone. Gas mixing and hydrodynamics in the splash zone are determined by the interaction between bursting bubbles, the mainstream gas and bed solids. The present paper addresses gas hydrodynamics and mixing in the splash zone of a gas fluidized bed. The flow structures associated with the eruption of single bubbles at the surface of incipiently fluidized beds are investigated by a combination of non-intrusive optical diagnostic techniques, namely Planar Laser Light Scattering (PLLS) and Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF). The first is based on the use of a non-diffusive tracer (fine solid particles). The second is based on the use of a diffusive gaseous tracer (acetone). The two techniques provide complementary tools to assess the detailed structure of the gas and particle flow fields and the macro- and micromixing patterns associated with bubble bursting. The application of the two techniques to the analysis of events associated with the eruption of isolated bubbles proved to be successful. Results highlighted that the basic flow structure generated by bubble bursting is a toroidal vortex ring. The uprise velocity of the vortex and the gas entrainment rate from the mainstream have been determined from results obtained with both the PLLS and PLIF measurements as a function of the size of the bursting bubble. Macromixing, determined by gas entrainment, and micromixing, related to molecular diffusion, have been quantitatively assessed by the combined analysis of maps obtained with the PLLS and PLIF techniques.

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