(626b) How to Make Plastic Surfaces Simultaneously Hydrophilic/Oleophobic? | AIChE

(626b) How to Make Plastic Surfaces Simultaneously Hydrophilic/Oleophobic?


Song, Y. - Presenter, University of Pittsburgh
Dunleavy, M., University of Pittsburgh
Li, L., University of Pittsburgh
Hydrophilic/oleophobic surfaces are desirable in many applications including self-cleaning, anti-fogging, oil-water separation, etc. However, making plastic surfaces hydrophilic/oleophobic is challenging due to the intrinsic hydrophobicity/oleophilicity of plastics. Here we report a simple and effective method making plastics hydrophilic/oleophobic. Plastics, including poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), polystyrene (PS) and polycarbonate (PC), have been coated with a perfluoropolyether (PFPE) (i.e., commercially known as Zdol) via dip coating and then irradiated with UV/Ozone. The contact angle measurements indicate that the treated plastics have a lower water contact angle (WCA) and higher hexadecane contact angle (HCA), i.e., they are simultaneously hydrophilic/oleophobic. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) results suggest that UV/Ozone treatment introduces oxygen-containing polar groups on the plastic surfaces, which renders the plastic surfaces hydrophilic. Meanwhile, more orderly packed PFPE Zdol molecules, which is due to the UV-induced bonding between PFPE Zdol and the plastic surface, result in the oleophobicity. Moreover, the simultaneous hydrophilicity/oleophobicity of functionalized plastics does not degrade in aging tests, and they have superior anti-fogging performance and detergent-free cleaning capability. The simple method developed here potentially can be applied to other plastics and has important implications in the functionalization of plastic surfaces.