(407g) Understanding Organic Components of Solid Electrolyte Interphase on the Lithium Metal Anode | AIChE

(407g) Understanding Organic Components of Solid Electrolyte Interphase on the Lithium Metal Anode


Lopez, J. - Presenter, Northwestern University
Lithium ion batteries have become the dominant form of energy storage used in consumer electronics and, recently, electric vehicles. However, high costs have prevented widespread deployment of lithium ion batteries for applications other than portable electronics, and the safety issues associated with liquid organic electrolytes remain to be addressed. In order to enable the greater utilization of electric vehicles, allow for grid scale energy storage, and meet the demands of new electronic applications, new materials for high energy density batteries must be developed. High capacity electrode materials like lithium metal have the potential to facilitate these technologies, but lithium metal electrodes are presently limited by significant side reactions, poor quality deposition, and the potential to form hazardous dendrites. Therefore, it is important to develop a clear understanding of the surface reactivity and growth behavior of the lithium metal at the interface with the electrolyte in order to enable stable long-term cycling.

The products that form as a result of electrolyte decomposition reactions at the electrode interface are known to be extremely important in determining the final cell performance, yet characterizing the organic components of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) proves to be challenging with typical techniques. ATR-FTIR is a powerful method for characterizing organic species, but typical materials such as Ge, Si, and ZnSe react with lithium metal during deposition. In this talk, the development of a diamond based in situ ATR-FTIR cell will be discussed and its application to the characterization of organosulfur and fluorinated electrolytes will be discussed. Furthermore, SEI formation with respect to electrochemical potential and time will be described. With this understanding we provide new insights into the formation and chemical nature of SEI components that promote stable cycling of lithium metal electrodes.