(8e) Titanium/Titania Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution Synthesized Via a Combination of 3D Printing and Anodization
The performance of the reported 3D Ti/TiO2 electrocatalyst was tested for hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) via water electrolysis. Titanium dioxide is a known photo-electro-catalysts for water splitting, but competitive electrocatalytic activity for HER in the absence of light has not been reported. Onset potentials for HER as low as -45 mV vs. RHE were obtained for our electrodes in acid medium, making them competitive with current state-of-the-art electrodes aiming to replace platinum. Tafel slopes between 40 and 52 mV dec-1 point towards a Volmer-Heyrovsky mechanism, with the Heyrovsky reaction as possible controlling step.
The proposed electrocatalysts feature the following advantages: (1) the fabrication method for the 3D Ti/TiO2 catalyst is simple, scalable and can be readily incorporated as printed reactor components into different technologies; (2) the 3D Ti/TiO2 catalyst features a flow-through architecture that not only enables more efficient utilization of the surface area of the catalyst but that could enable large-scale, continuous-flow hydrogen-production reactor technologies; and (3) minimization of electrical resistance between active surface area (TiO2 NTs) and current collector.