(609d) Peptoid Microsphere Coatings: The Effects of Helicity, Temperature, pH, and Ionic Strength
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 4:40pm to 5:00pm
Peptoids are peptidomimetic oligomers that predominantly harness similarities to peptides for biomimetic functionality. They have potential for use in biomedical applications and biosensors due to resistance to proteolytic degradation and low immunogenicity. The incorporation of chiral, aromatic side chains in the peptoid sequence allows for the formation of distinct secondary structures and self-assembly into supramolecular assemblies, including microspheres. Peptoid microspheres can be coated onto substrates for potential use in biosensor technologies, tissue engineering platforms, and drug-delivery systems. In order to be useful for these applications, the peptoid coatings must be robust under physiological conditions. In this study we report the effects of various conditions on the peptoid microsphere coatings, including (i) helicity, (ii) temperature (iii) pH, and (iv) ionic strength. These studies show that microsphere size decreases with increasing peptoid helicity and the positively charged side chains are positioned on the outside of the microspheres. The peptoid microsphere coatings are robust under physiological conditions but degrade in acidic conditions (pH < 7) and at low ionic strengths (< 150 µM).