(579b) Overwriting Coffee-Ring Effect with Magnetostatic Convection
AIChE Annual Meeting
2019 AIChE Annual Meeting
Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals
Directed and Self Assembly of Colloids
Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 3:45pm to 4:00pm
Drying sessile droplets is a promising route to transform colloidal dispersions into surface coatings, which are widely used in material design and biochemical detection. However, directing the assembly of the particles within drying droplets and achieving surface patterns beyond the well-known coffee-ring formation remain a challenge. Here, we present a new principle of directing the assembly of nonmagnetic colloidal particles dispersed in a magnetic fluid and generating unusual surface patterns. We show that in the absence of external magnetic field, the superparamagnetic nanoparticles in the magnetic fluid are spontaneously transported to the droplet edge because of solvent evaporation. This nanoparticle transport leads to the formation of nanoparticle-rich edge and nanoparticle-depleted center of the drying droplet. Upon the application of a uniform external magnetic field, the asymmetry in the magnetic nanoparticle distribution drives a magnetostatic convection and finger-like instability from the droplet edge to the center. The method presented here offers an active control over the colloidal assembly achieved by drying sessile droplets and thus enables a new route for fabricating complex patterns and functional surface coating.
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