(576a) Optimal Selection and Design of Energy Storage Technologies Integrated with Advanced Energy Plants
In this work, we develop a mathematical optimization-based methodology for downselecting technological choices for decentralized energy storage with the existing power plants. Dynamic models of several electro-chemical, mechanical, and thermal storage technologies are developed along with the dynamics models of the host fossil-fueled plants. A mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP)-based optimization frameworks is used to select the most promising storage technology/technologies for a given power plant considering various tradeoffs between ramping capacities, ramping rates, life span and capital costs, and load balances. The framework not only helps to select the best technologies, it also provides the target capacities and the designs decisions that contribute to the overall cost of the system.
Energy generation, storage and dispatch â these are inherently dynamic operations. Specifically, a storage system needs to dynamically follow the time-varying loads and demands. The dynamic behavior must be carefully considered and modeled in order to ensure efficient power flow. Therefore, once the MINLP-based framework selects the candidate storage technologies, we consider their optimal integration with the power plant. When the system dynamics is included, it gives rise to Mixed-Integer, Nonlinear and Ordinary Differential Equation (MINODE)-based model. We propose two solution strategies to solve the MINODE problem. The first strategy is based on a time-averaged approximation, which leads to a large-scale MINLP. This is solved using a commercial solver. The second strategy utilizes a data-driven black-box optimization algorithm . Both strategies are applied to illustrate the benefits of optimal downselection and integration of storage technologies for two representative regional-scale hourly electric load profiles.
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