(477g) Nucleation Behavior of Ethyl Vanillin: The Partial Dependence of Kinetic Parameters on Interfacial Energy
AIChE Annual Meeting
2019 AIChE Annual Meeting
Nucleation and Growth I
Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 10:09am to 10:30am
The experimental metastable zone width (MSZWs) of ethyl vanillin (EVA) in ethanol, n-propanol and n-butanol were measured by the polythermal method to describe the nucleation behavior in its unseeded cooling crystallization. In accordance with the classical nucleation theory (CNT), the dependences of MSZWs on saturation temperature T0 and cooling rate R were mainly discussed via NÃ½vlt's semiempirical model and modified Sangwal's theory, respectively. Meanwhile, the pre-exponential factor A, crystal-liquid interfacial energy Î³ and the corresponding critical parameters rcrit (critical nucleus size), â³Gcrit (critical Gibbs free energy) can be obtained. It is interesting to find that Î³ increases linearly with decreasing T0 and increasing R, while the value changes of A do not have regularity against thermodynamics and kinetics. As the result, the increase or decrease of nucleation rate J mainly depends on the increments of Î³ more than the slight variation of A. Furthermore, it suggests that the thermodynamic dependence of Î³ is greater for the system with higher supersaturated concentration of solute.