(397d) Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrochars Produced By Hydrothermal Carbonization of Banana Peels
AIChE Annual Meeting
2019 AIChE Annual Meeting
Topical Conference: Innovations of Green Process Engineering for Sustainable Energy and Environment
Conversion of Solid Wastes to Energy and/or Product
Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 4:15pm to 4:30pm
The main purpose of this work is to evaluate the technological feasibility of converting banana peel residues in useful products using the HTC, towards a localised production strategy to harness the value of the waste for improving the livelihoods of rural agricultural communities.
A study of the prevailing reactions, their rates and products from banana peel processing through HTC is used to support the optimisation of the reactor design. The productsâ yield is influenced by factors such as temperature, feed solid content, the nature of the biomass, and residence time. A detailed characterisation of all the products obtained from HTC is conducted. Considerable effort is needed to comprehend their stability and quality and thereby the ongoing process reactions and upgrading needs. Characterisation methods, such as GC/MS NMR, and HPLC for product analysis are critical to understand the nature of the reactive species influencing product quality and yield.
Additionally, as efficient separation from an aqueous phase increases the yield of useful products, the separation of the main products and water is investigated. Furthermore, the feasibility of the recycle and re-use of the process water is analysed. The improvement and reuse of the hydrochar are appealing for applications such as solid fuel, pre-cursor for activated carbon, adsorbent, soil amendment or carbon sequestering biochar.
Moreover, the use of HTC to convert banana peels into products such as hydrochar or bio-oil will enable the local rural communities create value from something they are discarding as waste. The hydrochar, processed into pellet form to increase its bulk density in order to reduce storage and transportation costs, can be directly used as a solid fuel that can be burned for energy. This is particularly effective for small and medium farms dispersed over extended areas, due to the significant reduction of expenses and environmental impact. The hydrochar can be added to soil to enhance the effects of the fertilisers, by reducing the amount of fertiliser lost through surface run-off. In addition, it increases the amount of water that can be retained by sandy soils, with a low available water capacity. The use of banana peels will produce highly effective sorbent hydrochars to be used for heavy metals removal from water.
Moreover, our results suggest that the liquid fraction obtained from the hydrothermal processing of banana peel is a good feedstock for Microbial Fuel Cells. The hydrochar obtained in the process has shown to present several properties, such as the removal of various types of pollutants from contaminated waters. Therefore, the integration of HTC to convert banana peels into hydrochar and the utilization of the liquid by-product as feedstock for bioelectrochemical system (BES) technology enables full utilization of an otherwise recalcitrant waste.
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