(364e) Systematic Development of an Artifact-Free SAFT Eos
AIChE Annual Meeting
2019 AIChE Annual Meeting
Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals
Thermophysical Properties and Phase Behavior
Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 2:06pm to 2:24pm
To develop a systematic protocol, we begin by revisiting the ESD EOS to examine how a cubic SAFT EOS can be developed while matching molecular simulation results developed since 1990. We find that the denominator of the repulsive contribution can be improved by recognizing that heavy branched hydrocarbons may remain as liquid at much higher packing fractions than spherical molecules. This suggests generalizing the factor of 1.9 to a function of molecular weight and functionality. Analysis of the attractive contribution shows that agreement with simulations of long chains can be improved by eliminating the temperature dependence of the denominator, resulting in an EOS that is practically first order in temperature. The resulting cubic SAFT EOS is shown to be free of artifacts at all temperatures, densities, and chain lengths.
The next step is to add features to the cubic EOS that enhance accuracy relative to molecular simulations while retaining freedom from artifacts. Naturally, the resulting EOS is no longer cubic. Analyzing the derivative behavior similar to the SPEAD11 EOS analysis leads to identification of several constraints that must be satisfied when characterizing the higher order contributions to thermodynamic perturbation theory (TPT). These constraints are much easier to satisfy when the higher order TPT contributions decay monotonically from their critical value to zero at high density, as in the Weeks-Chandler-Andersen (WCA) split of the potential function. An infinite order EOS is demonstrated that is free of artifacts while reproducing simulation results for Lennard-Jones chains with reasonable accuracy.
Finally, a simplified association contribution is added to the chain EOS to examine whether artifacts may arise in the presence of association. This leads to a modification of the constraints developed for non-associating molecules. The protocol is complete in cases where the WCA split of the potential function is acceptable.
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