(331e) Interfacial Instability in Spheres By Resonance
AIChE Annual Meeting
2019 AIChE Annual Meeting
Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals
Fundamental Research in Transport Processes
Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 1:42pm to 2:00pm
Space operations benefit by contactless levitation technologies that can be used to simulate/utilize reduced gravity environments on earth. This work employs the spherical analogue of the Faraday instability, where the interface(s) of a stacked multi-fluid system are subjected to an oscillating external forcing that may resonate with the natural frequency of the system and form standing or breaking interfacial waves. Analogously, when a levitated spherical liquid drop is subjected to continuous periodic forcing at a frequency equal to one of its natural frequencies, it can undergo resonance and form modal structures at the surface. The natural frequencies of a liquid sphere directly depend on the modal structure, the mass of the liquid, and the surface tension. By deliberately resonating a sphere at its natural frequency we can therefore obtain the surface tension.
The work presented herein compares the analytical result for natural frequency of a liquid sphere in a âself-gravitational fieldâ by Rayleigh (1879) to experimental observations using levitated water in ambient conditions and molten metals for varying modal structures. The natural frequency of two normal modes are obtained to verify the values of surface tension.
Comparisons and contrasts between experiments and theory are explained. A method for the measurement of interfacial tension of high temperature liquid metals is introduced.
Acknowledgments: NASA 80NSSC18K1173, NASA NNX17AL27G, FSGC08/NNX15025, UFIC Research Abroad for Doctoral Students Award