(151e) Fluorescent Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Protein Detection
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 11, 2019 - 1:54pm to 2:12pm
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have unique optical and physical properties, and they benefit from the ease of surface functionalization and biocompatibility. Semiconducting SWCNTs fluoresce in the near-infrared (nIR) part of the spectrum, which overlaps with the tissue transparency window. The SWCNTs fluorescence is sensitive to the environment, and depending on the surface functionalization, subtle changes in the proximity of the nanotube can result in significant spectral modulations. Hence, SWCNTs can be utilized as optical sensors enabling real-time optical detection. I will present two recent discoveries of protein detection using SWCNTs functionalized with variants of poly(ethylene glycol). Using high-throughput screening against a panel of human blood proteins, we have discovers sensors for the proteins fibrinogen and insulin. The recognition also occurs in serum environment, showing that the SWCNTs sensors work in this complex environment despite the potential nonspecific adsorption. These results open new avenues for synthetic recognition of biological macromolecules, and hold great promise for medical and clinical applications.
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- Gili Bisker et. al., Nature Communications, 7 (2016).