(705f) Vulnerability of United States Industrial Sectors Dependent on Insect-Mediated Pollination Service
AIChE Annual Meeting
Thursday, November 1, 2018 - 5:35pm to 6:00pm
The present work utilizes field study data available in an extensive literature review to quantify the economic dependence of the United States agricultural and related sectors on pollination service mediated by insects, updating existing pollination dependence coefficients when possible and bounding uncertainty of the estimates with Monte Carlo or bootstrapping methods. Integration of InVEST model data and public price and production information available through the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistic Survey (NASS) and Census of Agriculture compiled at a national, state, and county level considers the spatial relationship between crop-specific economic dependence of pollination and landscape-specific pollinator forage suitability. Specifically, our results highlight regions of the U.S. most susceptible to pollinator loss or decline, having the highest demand for insect pollination services while simultaneously lacking appropriate pollinator habitat. Downstream, cascading dependencies of non-agricultural industrial sectors are assessed using input-output analysis framework. The implications of these findings include expanding understanding of pollination services and pollinator health and identifying dependence and vulnerabilities of agricultural and at risk industrial sectors. These findings also direct conservation and revitalization efforts, advise future policy development, and support the incorporation of valuable ecosystem services as a component of LCA through the creation of an impact category for insect-mediated pollination service.