(6j) Evaluation on the Removal Performance of Dichloromethane and Toluene from Waste Gases Using a Novel Airlift Packing Reactor

Authors: 
Xu, P., Institute of Industrial Ecology and Environment, Zhejiang University
Li, W., Zhejiang University
Li, S. J., Zhejiang University
Wang, X. Q., Technology Innovation and Training Center, Polytechnic Institute, Zhejiang University
Research Interests: Waste gas treatment; VOCs removal

Teaching Interests: Environmental Engineering.

Biological removal of dichloromethane (DCM) from pharmaceutical industry is limited by its recalcitrance. In this study, a novel airlift packing reactor (ALPR), which combined the suspended and fixed-film microbial growth system, was set up to remove DCM and co-existed toluene. The removal performance of the ALPR for DCM was greater than traditional airlift reactor (ALR). The maximum elimination capacity (ECmax) of the ALPR for DCM reached 108 g m-3 h-1 with removal efficiency (RE) of 41%, increased by 145% if compared to the ALR. The ECmax for toluene was 172 g m-3 h-1 with RE of 70%, decreased by 25% if compared to the ALR, which was mainly due to the higher liquid-phase biomass in the ALR. The results of high-throughput sequencing showed the microbial composition on the packing of the ALPR had a large difference from its liquid-phase or the liquid-phase of the ALR. Gemmobacter, Rhizomicrobium, Chitinophaga, Vampirovibrio, and Fodinicurvata were genera with great abundance fixed on the packing and Rhizomicrobium, Chitinophaga, Vampirovibrio, and Fodinicurvata are first to be reported in VOCs biological removal. This study indicated that the ALPR can augment the microbial community and effectively improve the removal of recalcitrant VOCs.