(430a) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Fossil Energy Research and Development Priorities
AIChE Annual Meeting
Tuesday, October 30, 2018 - 3:30pm to 4:05pm
Coal remains a critical energy source. However, the nationâs aging coal-fired power plants require upgrades to make them more efficient and, therefore, lower emitting; and to ensure that they can operate on a grid that is increasingly accommodating intermittent, renewable generation.
At the same time, to compete with other sources of power generation, future coal-fired power plants will need to be of modular design, highly efficient, flexible, reliable, less expensive to build, and strategically located to provide grid stability; they must also have short start-up times and high turndown.
The Departmentâs coal R&D is prioritized to meet these challenges under the proposed Advanced Coal Energy Systems (ACE) and Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) program. This program is focused on improving the efficiency and reliability of the existing aging fleet of coal-fired power plants, while developing advanced technologies and processes that will be used in the next generation of coal power plants.
Additionally, the Department continues early-stage R&D on CCUS, as well as research into new value-added products from coalâincluding rare earth elements from coal and coal by-products.
The phenomenal growth in U.S. oil and gas development is changing the energy landscape domestically and globally. To ensure the continued strong production and development of these resources, the Departmentâs oil and gas R&D is focused on addressing the challenges associated with the production of resources from low-permeability formations, as well as midstream challenges, such as pipeline infrastructure and product delivery efficiency and flexibility. The Department has several pathways to meet these challenges, including technology development and the expanded use of data analytics, machine learning, and high-performance computing.