(389d) Quantifying Confidence in DFT Predicted Surface Pourbaix Diagrams and Associated Reaction Pathways for Chlorine Evolution | AIChE

(389d) Quantifying Confidence in DFT Predicted Surface Pourbaix Diagrams and Associated Reaction Pathways for Chlorine Evolution


Sumaria, V. - Presenter, Carnegie Mellon University
Krishnamurthy, D., Carnegie Mellon University
Viswanathan, V., Carnegie Mellon University
Catalytic activity predictions and the identification of active sites rely on precisely determining the dominant reaction mechanism. The activity governing mechanism and products could vary with the catalyst material, which can be described by material descriptor(s), typically the binding strength(s) of key intermediate species. Density functional theory calculations can be used to identify dominant reaction mechanisms. However, the dominant reaction mechanism is sensitive to the choice of the exchange-correlation functional. Here, we demonstrate this using the chlorine evolution reaction on rutile oxides as an example, which can occur through at least three reaction mechanisms each mediated by different surface intermediates and active sites. We utilize Bayesian error estimation capabilities within the BEEF-vdW exchange-correlation (XC) functional to quantify the uncertainty associated with predictions of the operative reaction mechanism by systematically propagating the uncertainty originating from DFT-computed adsorption free energies. We construct surface Pourbaix diagrams based on the calculated adsorption free energies for rutile oxides of Ru, Ir, Ti, Pt, V, Sn and Rh. We utilize confidence-value (c-value) to determine the degree of confidence in the predicted surface phase diagrams. Using the scaling relations between the adsorption energies of intermediates we construct a generalized Pourbaix diagram showing the stable surface composition as a function of potential and the oxygen binding energy on the cus site (ΔEOc). This allows us to incorporate consistency between activity and surface stability, which is necessary to determine activity volcano relationships for surface reactivity. We incorporate the uncertainty in linear scaling relations to quantify the confidence in generalized Pourbaix diagram and the associated activity. This allows us to compute the expectation limiting potential as a function of ΔEOc , which provides a more appropriate activity measure incorporating DFT uncertainty. We show that the confidence in the classification problem of identifying the active reaction mechanism is much higher than that for the prediction problem of determining catalytic activity. We believe that such a systematic approach is needed for accurate determination of activities and reaction pathways for multi-electron electrochemical reactions such as N2 and CO2 reduction.