(293c) Electrophoretic Nuclei Assembly for Crystallization of High Performance Membranes on Unmodified Supports

Authors: 
Agrawal, K. V., University of Minnesota
He, G., École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) films have recently emerged as highly permselective membranes yielding orders of magnitude higher gas permeance than that from the conventional membranes.1,2 However, the synthesis of highly-intergrown, ultrathin MOF films on porous supports without complex support-modification has proven to be a challenge.3 Moreover, there is an urgent need of a generic crystallization route capable of synthesizing a wide-range of MOF structures in an intergrown, thin-film morphology. Herein, we report a novel electrophoretic nuclei assembly for crystallization of highly-intergrown thin-films (ENACT) approach, that allows synthesis of ultrathin, defect-free ZIF-8 on a wide range of unmodified supports (porous polyacrylonitrile, anodized aluminum oxide, metal foil, porous carbon and graphene).4 As a result, a remarkably high H2 permeance of 8.3 x10-6 mol/m2-s-Pa, and ideal gas selectivities of 7.3, 15.5, 16.2, 2655 for H2/CO2, H2/N2, H2/CH4, and H2/C3H8, respectively, are achieved from an ultrathin (500-nm-thick) ZIF-8 membrane. A high C3H6 permeance of 9.9 x10-8 mol/m2-s-Pa, and an attractive C3H6/C3H8 selectivity of 31.6 are obtained. The ENACT approach is straightforward, reproducible and can be extended to a wide-range of nanoporous crystals, and we demonstrate its application in the fabrication of intergrown ZIF-7 films.

References

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  4. He, G.; Dakhchoune, M.; Zhao, J.; Huang, S.; Agrawal, K. V. Electrophoretic Nuclei Assembly for Crystallization of High-Performance Membranes on Unmodified Supports. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2018, (in press), doi: 10.1002/adfm.201707427.