(289c) Drug Loading into and Drug Release from pH- and Temperature-Responsive Hydrogels

Authors: 
Parulekar, S. - Presenter, Illinois Institute of Technology
Ninawe, P., Illinois Institute of Technology
Hydrogels that undergo deformation upon appropriate changes in pH or temperature have considerable promise as drug delivery vehicles. Uptake of drug macromolecules by swelling and non-swelling hydrogels and release of drug macromolecules from these into a target fluid are investigated here. A mathematical model for hydrogel-solution composite, a composite of a distributed parameter system (cylindrical, slab or spherical hydrogel) and a lumped parameter system (surrounding solution), is developed. The polymer network displacement in a swelling/deswelling hydrogel is described by a stress diffusion coupling model. The analytical solution for network displacement is used to predict solvent intake by swelling gels, solvent efflux from deswelling gels, and changes in pressure, porosity and effective drug diffusivity resulting from network displacement. These in turn influence drug uptake during and after hydrogel swelling and drug release from hydrogel during and after deswelling. Numerical results illustrate benefits of hydrogel swelling for drug loading and merits of different modes of drug release. Drug uptake and drug release by temperature-responsive hydrogels are compared to those by hydrogels not subject to deformation.