(25a) Invited: Versatile Redox-Active Organic Molecules for Long Cycle Life Safe Batteries
AIChE Annual Meeting
Sunday, October 28, 2018 - 3:30pm to 3:55pm
Lithium ion batteries have reshaped our life with their omnipresence in portable electronics. However, increasing the specific energy of these batteries is reaching its limit and high-profile fire accidents (e.g. cell phones spontaneously combusting) cast doubt of their applications in electric vehicles and large-scale energy storage. Intrinsically safe batteries such as aqueous batteries and all-solid-state batteries are being actively studied in the battery community. Aqueous batteries use water-based electrolytes and offer robustness and environmental friendliness over lithium-ion batteries that feature flammable organic electrolytes. However their adoption is plagued by the poor cycle life due to the structural and chemical instability of the anode materials. In the first part of talk, I will report several redox-active quinones (oxidized derivatives of aromatic compounds) as anodes for aqueous batteries by exploiting their structurally stable ion-coordination charge storage mechanism and chemical inertness towards aqueous electrolytes. We demonstrate three systems that coupled with industrially established cathodes and electrolytes exhibit long cycle life (up to 3,000 cycles/3,500 h), fast kinetics (Â³20C), high anode specific capacity (up to 200-395 mAh g-1), and state-of-the-art specific energy/energy density for several operational pH values (-1 to 15), charge carrier species (H+, Li+, Na+, K+, Mg2+), and atmosphere (with/without O2). Reversible proton-coupled electron transfer process is also first demonstrated in organic crystals. In the second part, I will discuss the application of quinones in all-solid-state batteries. One main challenge is the mismatch between low anodic decomposition potential of solid-state sulfide electrolytes and high operating potentials of cathodes which leads to a volatile cathodeâelectrolyte interface. I will show how molecular engineering of quinone molecules leads to high-capacity cathode materials in all-solid-state batteries that is chemically and electrochemically compatible with sulfide electrolyte.