(150e) Heat Transfer Measurement and Modelling in a Fluidized Bed with Pulsed Gas Flow

Authors: 
Jia, D., University of British Columbia
Bi, X., University of British Columbia
Tsutsumi, A., The University of Tokyo
Lim, C. J., University of British Columbia
Sokhansanj, S., University of British Columbia
To gain a better understanding on heat transfer properties of light-weight, cohesive biomass particles during fluidization, bed-to-surface heat transfer coefficients of biomass were measured in a fluidized bed with pulsed gas flow. Effects of flow rate, pulsation frequency, particle size distribution, fines and vibration on heat transfer were investigated. Higher gas flow rates generally yielded higher heat transfer coefficients. Natural frequency was found to be optimum as it offered ample bed movement and internal solid circulation without too much inactivity between pulsation cycles. Heat transfer was also heavily influenced by the interaction between gas convective and particle convective heat transfer, which was verified by the proposed heat transfer model. Two mechanisms, one of which treated the flow-on and flow-off period within a pulsation cycle individually, the other utilized the actual bubble rise velocity obtained via velocimetry were identified to account for the significantly different flow behavior below and above natural frequency. Good agreement was observed between experimental data and modeled results.

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