Gel Encapsulation of Mel28 Cells Using DEX/E3 Water-Water System Conference: AIChE Annual MeetingYear: 2017Proceeding: 2017 AIChE Annual MeetingGroup: Student Poster SessionsSession: Undergraduate Student Poster Session: Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnology Time: Monday, October 30, 2017 - 10:00am-12:30pm Mariah Gallegos, University of New Mexico Mentor: Dr. Andrew Shreve, Department of Biomedical Engineering; Dr. Nick Carroll, Department of Chemical Engineering Gel encapsulation of Mel28 cells using DEX/E3 water-water system Aqueous two-phase systems using protein and glucan have potential for droplet generations which in turn can be used to encapsulate spherical cells with further implications for 3D biological printing. The phase-separation being investigated includes a mixture of Dextran and E3. This water-soluble solution phase separates once a critical concentration of Dextran and E3 has been obtained. This process is Thermodynamically driving which is temperature dependent. The fluid can then be put into a capillary device in which droplets are formed. E3 acts as a gel pursuer for the microdroplet. The outer microdroplet layer is protein-rich and the inside contents is Dextran-rich. Using this type of water-water interactions will allow for a cell to be encapsulated within the protein gel with the use of crosslinking. This environment is cyto-friendly and due to the cross-linkage creates more attractive mechanical properties. Using E3 as the precursor, within the water-water system, will also create a great platform for 3D printing biological due to the stability and degradation of the protein. Thus, this research will be important towards mass printing biological material.