(702a) Nano-Engineered Ni Catalyst for Tri-Reforming of Methane

Authors: 
Kim, S., University of South Carolina
Lauterbach, J., University of South Carolina
Sasmaz, E., University of California, Irvine
Crandall, B. S., University of South Carolina
Tri-reforming of methane has been proposed to utilize the components from a direct flue gas without CO2 separation step with desirable H2/CO product ratio of 2. The activity of a tri-reforming catalyst increases with an active site depending on metal content and/or size. However, the catalyst can lead to sintering of metal particles during the highly endothermic reaction such as dry or steam reforming of methane reactions. In this study, we prepared the core-shell structure of Ni@CeO2 catalyst, and applied to the try-reforming of methane. CeO2 exhibits high oxygen vacancies with reversible valence change property (Ce4+/Ce3+), which is an active site in reaction accompanying CO2. The prepared catalysts were characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and H2-temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). Preliminary results showed that the core-shell structure prevents the activation of methane onto the Ni surface. Therefore, diffusion of methane through the CeO2 shell should be increased to obtain higher activity in tri-reforming.