(681f) Optimal Integrated Plant for Waste to Biodiesel Production
In this work we have optimized an integrated facility for the production of fully renewable biodiesel from waste via anaerobic digestion. On the one hand, biogas is produced from cattle and pig manure. After its purification, it is dry reformed to obtain syngas. Methanol is later synthesized from the syngas. On the other hand, the digestate remaining is used as nutrient to grow algae. The effect of the nutrient composition on the algae growth is considered. The algae are harvested and the oil is extracted using mechanical press and a solvent, that it is later recovered. The oil is transesterified using the methanol produced from the biogas. The problem is formulated as a large NLP for the optimal operating conditions, biogas composition and digestate nutrient content. Dry reforming, methanol and biodiesel synthesis reactors are modelled to account for the effect of the operating conditions on the yield. Distillation columns are modelled using short cut methods but including constraints on the reflux ratio [2,4], the operating pressures and temperatures from the literature and the rigorous simulation of the column in CHEMCAD .Optimal HEN and water networks are designed afterwards.
3110kt/y of manure are processed for the production of almost 90Mgal/y of biodiesel and 46.7 kt/y of methanol. The process uses part of the biogas to fuel the reformer but still needs 1.5 MJ/gal of FAME and 1.22 gal of water per galon of biodiesel. The production cost of biodiesel is competitive with previous work , 0.31â¬/gal, but the investment is higher due to the need to produce the biogas, 193 Mâ¬.
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2.-HernÃ¡ndez, B, MartÃn, M. Optimal composition of the biogas for dry reforming in the Production of Methanol. IECR. 10.1021/acs.iecr.6b01044
3. -Xin, L., Hong_ying, H., Ke, G., Ying-xue, S. (2010) Effects of different nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations on the growth, nutrient uptake, and lipid accumulation of a freshwater microalga Scenedesmus sp Bioresource Technology 101 5494â5500
4.-MartÃn, M., Grossmann, I.E. (2012) Simultaneous optimization and heat integration for biodiesel production from cooking oil and algae. Ind. Eng. Chem Res. 51 (23), 7998â8014