(670c) An Air Breathing Lithium-Oxygen Battery
Here, we report a new Li-Air battery system working with the actual air components (N2, O2, CO2 and H2O) with very high cycle life and energy efficiency that can work up to 550 continues cycles with the capacity of 500 mAh/g. This Li-Air battery benefits from a protected Li-anode, an air cathode based on MoS2 catalyst and a mixture electrolyte. Different characterizations including differential electrochemical mass spectroscopy (DEMS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy on the cathode reveal that the only discharge product in our system is lithium peroxide (Li2O2) without any evidence of side products e.g., lithium hydroxide (LiOH) and lithium carbonate (Li2CO3). Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) results also show the stability of the electrolyte after 550 cycles. DFT calculations reveal that the combination of MoS2 cathode and mixture electrolyte make the system kinetically favorable for Li2O2Â formation hindering the formation of other possible products. The Li-air system studied here is a key step toward the development of next generation of lithium batteries with higher energy density.
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