(658c) Water Management within Energy Systems
This paper presents a broad and comprehensive summary of the relevance and effectiveness of decision-support tools to help in the water management associated with the development of energy sources as well as with the design, planning, and operation of energy systems. We provide a discussion of water intensity of energy sources and systems in addition to the application of decision-support tools for the corresponding water management. Specifically, we first present a global context of the water-energy nexus in term of national/regional energy demand and spatial distribution of water risk and stress level. Then, we review data on the water intensity of different primary energy sources and power generation technologies. Subsequently, decision elements associated with the water management in energy systems are outlined. A shale gas supply chain design and planning model [2â4] is used to investigate the impact of water availability on the optimal water management strategy and the economics associated with the exploitation of shale gas resources. Finally, needed advances and continuing challenges in water management related to energy systems are identified.
 International Energy Agency. World Energy Outlook 2015. 2015. doi:10.1787/weo-2015-en.
 CalderÃ³n AJ, Guerra OJ, Papageorgiou LG, Siirola JJ, Reklaitis G V. Preliminary Evaluation of Shale Gas Reservoirs: Appraisal of Different Well-Pad Designs via Performance Metrics. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2015;54:10334â49. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.5b01590.
 Guerra OJ, CalderÃ³n AJ, Papageorgiou LG, Siirola JJ, Reklaitis G V. An optimization framework for the integration of water management and shale gas supply chain design. Computers & Chemical Engineering 2016;92:230â55. doi:10.1016/j.compchemeng.2016.03.025.
 Guerra OJ, CalderÃ³n AJ, Papageorgiou LG, Reklaitis G V. Strategic Design and Tactical Planning for Energy Supply Chain Systems. Advances in Energy Systems Engineering, vol. 50, Springer International Publishing; 2017, p. 47â74. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42803-1_3.