(534g) Coal Power Plants with Enhanced Profitability and No Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Authors: 
Jiao, C., UCLA
Manousiouthakis, V., University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles

Coal Power Plants
with Enhanced Profitability and No Carbon Dioxide Emissions

A
zero carbon dioxide emission process is developed, in which electrical power and formic acid
are coproduced from coal. The overall reaction for the proposed process uses
coal, oxygen, and water as reactants to generate formic acid as the only
product. A thermodynamic analysis is carried out, so
that feasible operating limits for the proposed process are identified.
Since the process cannot be realized within one single step, a reaction cluster
is proposed which consists of feasible chemical reactions. These are:
gasification of coal to syngas; CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid;
hydrogen combustion; and CO combustion. The principal technologies employed in
this process network include combustion, gasification of coal to syngas, gas
compression, supercritical fluid pumping, hydrogen separation using pressure
swing adsorption, and formic acid production from CO2
and H2. The software UniSim [TM, Honeywell Inc] is employed
to simulate the flowsheet. Two Gibbs reactors act as the gasification reactor
and a combustor, while a conversion reactor carries out the formic acid
reaction. Coal, water, and part of oxygen are fed into the gasification
reactor; off-gas from the hydrogen PSA and oxygen are fed into the combustor; pure
hydrogen from hydrogen PSA and CO2 which is compressed to
supercritical phase are fed into the formic acid reactor. By adjusting the
oxygen delivery ratio, the coal gasification is designed to be energetically
self-sufficient, so that the whole process produces the largest amount of
power. Heat exchangers, phase separators, compressors, pumps, etc. are also
employed to realize the process. Temperature and heat load information for each
process stream is obtained from the software simulation and used in carrying
out a heat and power integration study. Through
the use of heat engine and heat pump subnetworks, a
feasible operating envelope for the considered process is identified. A
preliminary technicoeconomic analysis is carried out, which establishes the
superiority of the proposed process to current coal power plant technology.